Democracy in decline for one-third of the world

PUBLIC RELEASE: 20-JUN-2018   TAYLOR & FRANCIS GROUP 2.6 billion people – a third of the world’s population – live in countries where democracy is in retreat, according to a new study based on the largest dataset on democracy, published today in Democratization. The research also found that […]

Green tea molecule could prevent heart attacks

Green tea molecule could prevent heart attacks Green tea molecule could prevent heart attacks Scientists have discovered that a compound found in green tea, currently being studied for its ability to reduce amyloid plaques in the brain in Alzheimer’s disease, also breaks up and dissolves potentially dangerous protein […]

Computer program looks five minutes into the future

Public Release: 13-Jun-2018 Software developed at the University of Bonn can accurately predict future actions University of Bonn IMAGE: This is Prof. Jürgen Gall (right) and Yazan Abu Farha from the Institute of Computer Science at the University of Bonn. Credit: © Foto: Barbara Frommann/Uni Bonn Computer scientists […]

Lentils significantly reduce blood glucose levels

Lentils significantly reduce blood glucose levels Lentils significantly reduce blood glucose levels Replacing half a serving of rice with lentils caused blood glucose to drop by up to 20 per cent. Replacing potatoes with lentils led to a 35-per-cent drop. Dita Moravek, Alison M Duncan, Laura B VanderSluis, […]

The burglary microbiome project

Public Release: 8-Jun-2018   American Society for Microbiology June 8, 2018 – Atlanta, GA – Researchers have demonstrated that microbial signatures, the unique microbial make-up of each individual, from the built environment can identify persons involved in crimes occurring in the home, such as burglaries. The research is […]

Lung Function Decline Dramatically Slowed with a Flavonoid

  Lung Function Decline Dramatically Slowed with a Flavonoid Lung Function Decline Dramatically Slowed with a Flavonoid Previous research has shown that the plant-produced chemicals known as flavonoids have beneficial antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties. Anthocyanins, the type of flavonoid investigated in the current study, have been detected in […]

Lifespan greatly enhanced with Synbiotics

Lifespan greatly enhanced with Synbiotics Lifespan greatly enhanced with Synbiotics Scientists fed fruit flies with a combination of probiotics and an herbal supplement called Triphala that was able to prolong the flies’ longevity by 60 % and protect them against chronic diseases associated with aging. Susan Westfall, Nikita […]

Genes found only in humans influence brain size

Public Release: 31-May-2018 New genes arose in human ancestors just before a dramatic increase in brain size and are involved in genetic defects associated with neurological disorders University of California – Santa Cruz IMAGE: Researchers studied the effects of NOTCH2NL genes in cortical organoids grown from human embryonic […]

Is a common antimicrobial harmful to gut health?

Public Release: 30-May-2018   American Association for the Advancement of Science Caption Exposure to triclosan (TCS) exacerbated the severity of colitis and inflammation in mice. This material relates to a paper that appeared in the May 30 issue of Science Translational Medicine, published by AAAS. The paper, by […]

Kefir may help Hypertension and Neuroinflammation

Kefir may help Hypertension and Neuroinflammation Kefir may help Hypertension and Neuroinflammation Drinking kefir may have a positive effect on blood pressure by promoting communication between the gut and brain. Kefir is a fermented probiotic milk beverage known to help maintain the balance of beneficial bacteria in the […]

Cannabidiol Significantly reduces Epileptic seizures

Cannabidiol Significantly reduces Epileptic seizures Cannabidiol Significantly reduces Epileptic seizures In the new study comparing two doses of CBD to a placebo, the researchers reported a 41.9 percent reduction in “drop seizures” — a type of seizure that results in severe loss of muscle control and balance — […]

Using Tinder doesn’t result in more casual sex

Public Release: 18-May-2018 Norwegian University of Science and Technology Users of picture-based mobile dating apps like Tinder are generally more open to short-term, casual sexual relationships than the average person. But this doesn’t mean that the users of these apps end up with more sexual partners than non-users […]

What happens if pesticides and herbicides stop working?

Public Release: 17-May-2018 What happens if we run out? Pesticide resistance needs attention, large-scale study North Carolina State University IMAGE: For new answers to the problems of increased pesticide resistance, landscape-level study is needed, NC State researchers say. Credit: Roger Winstead, NC State University To slow the evolutionary […]

Smarter brains run on sparsely connected neurons

Public Release: 17-May-2018 Princeton researchers crowdsource brain mapping with gamers, discover 6 new neuron types Caption By turning a time-intensive research problem into an interactive game, Princeton neuroscientist Sebastian Seung has built an unprecedented data set of neurons, which he is now turning over to the public via […]

Smarter brains run on sparsely connected neurons

Public Release: 17-May-2018 Ruhr-University Bochum The more intelligent a person, the fewer connections there are between the neurons in his cerebral cortex. This is the result of a study conducted by neuroscientists working with Dr Erhan Genç and Christoph Fraenz at Ruhr-Universität Bochum; the study was performed using […]

Yogurt may dampen Inflammation linked To Multiple Diseases

Yogurt may dampen Inflammation linked To Multiple Diseases The study explored the hypothesis that yogurt may help reduce inflammation by improving the integrity of the intestinal lining, thus preventing endotoxins — pro-inflammatory molecules produced by gut microbes — from crossing into the blood stream. Citation: Ruisong Pei, Diana […]

Bitcoin estimated to use half a percent of the world’s electric energy by end of 2018

Public Release: 16-May-2018 Cell Press Bitcoin’s burgeoning electricity demands have attracted almost as much attention as the cryptocurrency’s wildly fluctuating value. But estimating exactly how much electricity the Bitcoin network uses, necessary for understanding its impact and implementing policy, remains a challenge. In the first rigorously peer-reviewed article […]

Research pinpoints optimal age of puppy cuteness

Public Release: 15-May-2018 The popular meme proclaiming that all dogs are puppies assumes that humans’ adoration of canines is not conditional on their age. But a new study led by Clive Wynne, professor of psychology and director of Arizona State University’s Canine Science Collaboratory, suggests otherwise. In a […]

Why some people resist authority

Public Release: 14-May-2018   Neuroimaging research provides new insight into urge to rebel Society for Neuroscience Caption The urge to rebel against control over one’s decisions is associated with the connectivity between parietal and frontal brain regions (shown in color). The stronger the synchronous activation was in these […]

UCLA biologists ‘transfer’ a memory

Public Release: 14-May-2018   Research in marine snails could lead to new treatments to restore memories and alter traumatic ones University of California – Los Angeles IMAGE: This is David Glanzman holding a marine snail. Credit: Christelle Snow/UCLA UCLA biologists report they have transferred a memory from one […]

Could a multiverse be hospitable to life?

Public Release: 13-May-2018 Durham University A Multiverse – where our Universe is only one of many – might not be as inhospitable to life as previously thought, according to new research. Questions about whether other universes might exist as part of a larger Multiverse, and if they could […]

Hostile teachers can lose students 5 percent on test scores

PUBLIC RELEASE: 10-MAY-2018 TAYLOR & FRANCIS GROUP Teachers who antagonize their students by belittling them, showing favoritism, or criticizing their contributions can damage their learning potential, a new study warns. Investigating the influence of teacher ‘misbehavior’ on student learning, a team of communication experts set up a teaching […]