Scientists accidentally reprogram mature mouse GABA neurons into dopaminergic-like neurons

Public Release: 11-Oct-2018 Cell Press IMAGE: This image shows Dr. Chun-Li Zhang and Lei-Lei Wang. Credit: David Gresham / UT Southwestern Attempting to make dopamine-producing neurons out of glial cells in mouse brains, a group of researchers instead converted mature inhibitory neurons into dopaminergic cells. Their findings, appearing October 11 in the journal Stem Cell…

Nice people finish last when it comes to money

Public Release: 11-Oct-2018 Agreeable people who place less value on money at a financial disadvantage, study says American Psychological Association WASHINGTON — Nice people may be at greater risk of bankruptcy and other financial hardships compared with their less agreeable peers, not because they are more cooperative, but because they don’t value money as much,…

World’s fastest camera freezes time at 10 trillion frames per second

Public Release: 11-Oct-2018 T-CUP makes it possible to see phenomena — and even light! — in extremely slow motion Institut national de la recherche scientifique – INRS IMAGE: The trillion-frame-per-second compressed ultrafast photography system. Credit: INRS What happens when a new technology is so precise that it operates on a scale beyond our characterization capabilities?…

NIH study finds probiotic Bacillus eliminates Staphylococcus bacteria

NIH study finds probiotic Bacillus eliminates Staphylococcus bacteria NIH study finds probiotic Bacillus eliminates Staphylococcus bacteria A new study from National Institutes of Health scientists and their Thai colleagues shows that a “good” bacterium commonly found in probiotic digestive supplements helps eliminate Staphylococcus aureus, a type of bacteria that can cause serious antibiotic-resistant infections. Pipat…

Higher levels of urinary fluoride associated with ADHD in children

Public Release: 10-Oct-2018 University of Toronto Higher levels of urinary fluoride associated with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) in children Higher levels of urinary fluoride during pregnancy are associated with more ADHD-like symptoms in school-age children, according to University of Toronto and York University researchers. “Our findings are consistent with a growing body of evidence…

Creating custom brains from the ground up

Public Release: 10-Oct-2018   Boston Children’s Hospital Scientists studying how genetics impact brain disease have long sought a better experimental model. Cultures of genetically-modified cell lines can reveal some clues to how certain genes influence the development of psychiatric disorders and brain cancers. But such models cannot offer the true-to-form look at brain function that…

The threat of Centaurs for the Earth

Public Release: 8-Oct-2018 Astrophysicists calculate the impact probability and crater size of impacts due to minor bodies University of Vienna The astrophysicists Mattia Galiazzo and Rudolf Dvorak from the University of Vienna, in collaboration with Elizabeth A. Silber (Brown University, USA) investigated the long-term path development of Centaurs (solar system minor bodies which originally have…