‘Cataclysmic’ collision shaped Uranus’ evolution

PUBLIC RELEASE: 2-JUL-2018 DURHAM UNIVERSITY Uranus was hit by a massive object roughly twice the size of Earth that caused the planet to tilt and could explain its freezing temperatures, according to new research. Astronomers at Durham University, UK, led an international team of experts to investigate how Uranus came to be tilted on its…

Vitamin B12 identified As An Effective Canker Sore Therapy

Vitamin B12 identified As An Effective Canker Sore Therapy Vitamin B12 identified As An Effective Canker Sore Therapy The researchers tested the effect of vitamin B12 on 58 randomly selected RAS patients who received either a dose of 1,000 mcg of B12 by mouth at bedtime or a placebo, and were tested monthly for six…

More clues that Earth-like exoplanets are indeed Earth-like

Public Release: 28-Jun-2018   Research into spin dynamics suggests they have regular seasons and stable climates Georgia Institute of Technology IMAGE: The artist’s depiction of Kepler-186f. Credit: Image credit: NASA Ames/JPL-Caltech/T. Pyle A new study from the Georgia Institute of Technology provides new clues indicating that an exoplanet 500 light-years away is much like Earth.…

Mandatory labels reduce GMO food fears

Public Release: 27-Jun-2018   Consumer attitudes toward genetically modified food improved by 19 percent after mandatory labeling in Vermont, compared to the rest of the US University of Vermont As the U.S. Department of Agriculture prepares guidelines for labeling products that contain genetically modified ingredients, a new study from the University of Vermont reveals that…

Why bacteria survive in space — UH biologists discover clues

Public Release: 27-Jun-2018 Hardy organisms threaten interplanetary contamination University of Houston In professor George Fox’s lab at the University of Houston, scientists are studying Earth germs that could be contaminating other planets. Despite extreme decontamination efforts, bacterial spores from Earth still manage to find their way into outer space aboard spacecraft. Fox and his team…

Antidepressants may increase risk of death by 20 percent for those COPD

Public Release: 26-Jun-2018   Serotonergic antidepressants increase respiratory-related adverse events for those with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, study suggests St. Michael’s Hospital TORONTO, June 26, 2018 – Antidepressant use in people with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is associated with a 20 per cent increase in likelihood of death and a 15 per cent increase…

Probiotics can protect the skeletons of older women

Probiotics can protect the skeletons of older women Among older women who received probiotics, bone loss was halved compared to women who received only a placebo. The research opens the door to a new way to prevent fractures among the elderly. Anna G. Nilsson, Daniel Sundh, Fredrik B√§ckhed, Mattias Lorentzon. Lactobacillus reuteri reduces bone loss…

Exposure to fracking chemicals and wastewater spurs fat cell development

PUBLIC RELEASE: 21-JUN-2018   Researchers saw increases in the size and number of fat cells in laboratory models following exposure, even at diluted concentrations. DUKE UNIVERSITY DURHAM, N.C. – Exposure to fracking chemicals and wastewater promotes fat cell development, or adipogenesis, in living cells in a laboratory, according to a new Duke University-led study. Researchers…

Democracy in decline for one-third of the world

PUBLIC RELEASE: 20-JUN-2018   TAYLOR & FRANCIS GROUP 2.6 billion people – a third of the world’s population – live in countries where democracy is in retreat, according to a new study based on the largest dataset on democracy, published today in Democratization. The research also found that only 15 per cent of people globally…

Dogs understand what’s written all over your face

PUBLIC RELEASE: 20-JUN-2018 New research shows that dogs use different parts of their brains to process negative and positive emotions cued by human facial expressions SPRINGER Dogs are capable of understanding the emotions behind an expression on a human face. For example, if a dog turns its head to the left, it could be picking…