BA or DA? Decoding syllables to show the limits of artificial intelligence

Public Release: 31-Jan-2018   UNIGE researchers show the limits of the precision of decoding brain activity, via modern machine learning techniques, particularly in processing speech sounds. Université de Genève For about the last ten years, researchers have been using artificial intelligence techniques called machine learning to decode human brain activity. Applied to neuroimaging data, these…

Pandemic risk: How large are the expected losses?

Public Release: 31-Jan-2018   There is an unmet need for greater investment in preparedness against major epidemics and pandemics University of Hawaii at Manoa The worldwide spread of a serious infectious disease could result in pandemic-related deaths of 700,000 and annual economic losses of $500 billion, according to a study in the Bulletin of the…

Testosterone eliminated MS symptoms – Animal model

Testosterone eliminated MS symptoms – Animal model By accident researchers discovered that a guardian molecule cytokine IL-33 that was produced due to testosterone eliminated MS symptoms in mice. Male-specific IL-33 expression regulates sex-dimorphic EAE susceptibility. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 2018; 201710401 DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1710401115

Viruses prefer cultivated areas to natural areas

Public Release: 30-Jan-2018 Cirad Agriculture has a considerable influence on the distribution and prevalence of plant viruses in the environment. In cultivated areas, viral infections are significantly more frequent than in natural areas. This is the conclusion of a study conducted by a team of international scientists in the Camargue (France) and in the Western…

An outdoor cat can damage your sustainability cred

Public Release: 30-Jan-2018   Cornell University ITHACA, N.Y. – If you install solar panels on your roof and avoid dousing your lawn with chemicals and pesticides, your online peers may consider you to be environmentally friendly. But this street cred can all be erased if you let your cat roam around outdoors. A new study…

Sugar helps cancer cells regulate voltage

Sugar helps cancer cells regulate voltage Sugar helps cancer cells regulate voltage Researchers in an attempt to understand why Cancers will hold onto sugar yet not use it as fuel discovered that Cancer Cells use sugar as a sort of voltage regulator. 1. Ca2 -dependent demethylation of phosphatase PP2Ac promotes glucose deprivation–induced cell death independently…

Our mitochondria are optimized to run at 122 degrees Fahrenheit ?

Public Release: 25-Jan-2018 Do our mitochondria run at 50 degrees C? PLOS Windows Live Blog Caption Left: Mitochondria of human cells illuminated by the thermo-sensitive probe. Four human cells, each with its nucleus (N) and its numerous hot filamentous mitochondria (yellow-red). Right: Mitochondria as radiators. A high-magnification rendering of one such filament reveals parallel arrays…

Music really is a universal language

Public Release: 25-Jan-2018   Cell Press Every culture enjoys music and song, and those songs serve many different purposes: accompanying a dance, soothing an infant, or expressing love. Now, after analyzing recordings from all around the world, researchers reporting in Current Biology on January 25 show that vocal songs sharing one of those many functions…

New type of virus found in the ocean

“about 10 million viruses are found in every milliliter of water” Public Release: 24-Jan-2018 The unusual characteristics of these abundant, bacteria-killing viruses could lead to evolutionary insights Massachusetts Institute of Technology CAMBRIDGE, Mass. — A type of virus that dominates water samples taken from the world’s oceans has long escaped analysis because it has characteristics…

Dietary antioxidants may help repair the Lungs

Dietary antioxidants may help repair the Lungs Over a 10 year period researchers observed that regular intake of tomatoes may help slow the natural decline in lung function among all adults as well as other findings. Dietary antioxidants and ten-year lung function decline in adults from the ECRHS survey. European Respiratory Journal, December 2017 DOI:…