Are we immune to the CRISPR-Cas9 gene editing scissors?

Public Release: 30-Oct-2018 Charité – Universitätsmedizin Berlin The CRISPR-Cas9 gene editing system has been generating excitement within the field of gene therapy, inspiring hopes of molecular tools capable of treating genetic diseases. By studying immune responses to CRISPR-Cas9 in humans, researchers from Charité – Universitätsmedizin Berlin have found widespread immunity to the Cas9 protein. The…

Economic impact of excess weight now exceeds $1.7 trillion

Public Release: 30-Oct-2018 Costs include $1.24 billion in lost productivity, according to Milken Institute study documenting role of obesity and overweight in chronic diseases Milken Institute LOS ANGELES, Tuesday, October 30, 2018–The impact of obesity and overweight on the U.S. economy has eclipsed $1.7 trillion, an amount equivalent to 9.3 percent of the nation’s gross…

Army scientists develop computational model to predict human behavior

Public Release: 24-Oct-2018   U.S. Army Research Laboratory ABERDEEN PROVING GROUND, Md. Army researchers have developed for the first time an analytic model to show how groups of people influence individual behavior. Technically speaking, this had never been done before: No one had taken the computational information from a collective model (numerical solutions of, say,…

Neurology: Space travel alters the brain

Public Release: 24-Oct-2018   Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München Spending long periods in space not only leads to muscle atrophy and reductions in bone density, it also has lasting effects on the brain. However, little is known about how different tissues of the brain react to exposure to microgravity, and it remains unclear whether and to what extent…

A grape constituent protects against Lung cancer

A grape constituent protects against Lung cancer A grape constituent protects against Lung cancer A team of scientists studied a well-known natural product, resveratrol, which is found in grapes and in red wine. While its chemopreventive properties against cancers affecting the digestive tract have been documented by previous studies, resveratrol has so far shown no…

How to mass produce cell-sized robots

Public Release: 23-Oct-2018 Technique from MIT could lead to tiny, self-powered devices for environmental, industrial, or medical monitoring.Technique from MIT could lead to tiny, self-powered devices for environmental, industrial, or medical monitoring Massachusetts Institute of Technology CAMBRIDGE, Mass. — Tiny robots no bigger than a cell could be mass-produced using a new method developed by…

Political competition is hurting our charitable giving

Public Release: 24-Oct-2018 Voters who live in counties with high political competition give less Brigham Young University As the midterm election nears and the fallout of the Supreme Court nomination rings across the political divide, a new study presents a unique angle of American politics: how party affiliation affects charitable donations. In that study, published…

Fighting mutant influenza

Public Release: 24-Oct-2018 American Chemical Society Another flu season is here, which means another chance for viruses to mutate. Already, most influenza A viruses contain a mutation that confers resistance against one class of antiviral medications, and the bugs are steadily gaining resistance against another class. Scientists report in ACS Medicinal Chemistry Letters a series…

Study finds glyphosate in cat and dog food

Public Release: 24-Oct-2018   Cornell University ITHACA, N.Y. – Got glyphosate? Your pet’s breakfast might. A new Cornell study published this month in Environmental Pollution finds that glyphosate, the active herbicidal ingredient in widely used weed killers like Roundup, was present at low levels in a variety of dog and cat foods the researchers purchased…

How to help protect yourself from vaccine administration injury

Public Release: 23-Oct-2018   University of Waterloo A study by researchers at the University of Waterloo reiterates the need for health care professionals, including pharmacists, to take certain precautions to minimize the risk of their patients suffering shoulder injury related to vaccine administration (SIRVA). SIRVA is an uncommon and understudied phenomenon that people may experience…

Blood Sugar Lowered Dramatically with AMPK Raising Alanine

Blood Sugar Lowered Dramatically with AMPK Raising Alanine Blood Sugar Lowered Dramatically with AMPK Raising Alanine Type 2 diabetes is driven by many metabolic pathways, with some pathways driven by amino acids, the molecular building blocks for proteins. Scientists at Joslin Diabetes Center now have shown that one amino acid, alanine, may produce a short-term…