Neurology: Space travel alters the brain

Public Release: 24-Oct-2018   Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München Spending long periods in space not only leads to muscle atrophy and reductions in bone density, it also has lasting effects on the brain. However, little is known about how different tissues of the brain react to exposure to microgravity, and it remains unclear whether and to what extent…

A grape constituent protects against Lung cancer

A grape constituent protects against Lung cancer A grape constituent protects against Lung cancer A team of scientists studied a well-known natural product, resveratrol, which is found in grapes and in red wine. While its chemopreventive properties against cancers affecting the digestive tract have been documented by previous studies, resveratrol has so far shown no…

How to mass produce cell-sized robots

Public Release: 23-Oct-2018 Technique from MIT could lead to tiny, self-powered devices for environmental, industrial, or medical monitoring.Technique from MIT could lead to tiny, self-powered devices for environmental, industrial, or medical monitoring Massachusetts Institute of Technology CAMBRIDGE, Mass. — Tiny robots no bigger than a cell could be mass-produced using a new method developed by…

Political competition is hurting our charitable giving

Public Release: 24-Oct-2018 Voters who live in counties with high political competition give less Brigham Young University As the midterm election nears and the fallout of the Supreme Court nomination rings across the political divide, a new study presents a unique angle of American politics: how party affiliation affects charitable donations. In that study, published…

Fighting mutant influenza

Public Release: 24-Oct-2018 American Chemical Society Another flu season is here, which means another chance for viruses to mutate. Already, most influenza A viruses contain a mutation that confers resistance against one class of antiviral medications, and the bugs are steadily gaining resistance against another class. Scientists report in ACS Medicinal Chemistry Letters a series…

Study finds glyphosate in cat and dog food

Public Release: 24-Oct-2018   Cornell University ITHACA, N.Y. – Got glyphosate? Your pet’s breakfast might. A new Cornell study published this month in Environmental Pollution finds that glyphosate, the active herbicidal ingredient in widely used weed killers like Roundup, was present at low levels in a variety of dog and cat foods the researchers purchased…

How to help protect yourself from vaccine administration injury

Public Release: 23-Oct-2018   University of Waterloo A study by researchers at the University of Waterloo reiterates the need for health care professionals, including pharmacists, to take certain precautions to minimize the risk of their patients suffering shoulder injury related to vaccine administration (SIRVA). SIRVA is an uncommon and understudied phenomenon that people may experience…

Blood Sugar Lowered Dramatically with AMPK Raising Alanine

Blood Sugar Lowered Dramatically with AMPK Raising Alanine Blood Sugar Lowered Dramatically with AMPK Raising Alanine Type 2 diabetes is driven by many metabolic pathways, with some pathways driven by amino acids, the molecular building blocks for proteins. Scientists at Joslin Diabetes Center now have shown that one amino acid, alanine, may produce a short-term…

Men in leadership gain from psychopathic behavior, women punished

Public Release: 15-Oct-2018   University of Alabama in Tuscaloosa TUSCALOOSA, Ala. — People with psychopathic tendencies are slightly more likely to be a company boss, but a new study finds men are allowed a pass for those inclinations while women are punished. The study, published online today in the Journal of Applied Psychology, finds concern…

Researchers engineer dual vaccine against anthrax and plague

Public Release: 16-Oct-2018 American Society for Microbiology Washington, DC – October 16, 2018 – A team of researchers has now engineered a virus nanoparticle vaccine against Bacillus anthracis and Yersinia pestis, tier 1 agents that pose serious threats to national security of the United States. B. anthracis and Y. pestis are the pathogens that cause…

Scientists accidentally reprogram mature mouse GABA neurons into dopaminergic-like neurons

Public Release: 11-Oct-2018 Cell Press IMAGE: This image shows Dr. Chun-Li Zhang and Lei-Lei Wang. Credit: David Gresham / UT Southwestern Attempting to make dopamine-producing neurons out of glial cells in mouse brains, a group of researchers instead converted mature inhibitory neurons into dopaminergic cells. Their findings, appearing October 11 in the journal Stem Cell…