Earth’s orbital changes have influenced climate, life forms for at least 215 million years

Public Release: 7-May-2018 Gravity of Jupiter and Venus elongates Earth’s orbit every 405,000 years, Rutgers-led study confirms Rutgers University Caption Rutgers University-New Brunswick Professor Dennis Kent with part of a 1,700-foot-long rock core through the Chinle Formation in Petrified Forest National Park in Arizona. The background includes boxed archives of cores from the Newark basin…

Dark Chocolate improves vision with 2 hours

Dark Chocolate improves vision with 2 hours   Contrast sensitivity and visual acuity were significantly higher 2 hours after consumption of a dark chocolate bar compared with a milk chocolate bar, but the duration of these effects and their influence in real-world performance await further testing. Rabin JC, Karunathilake N, Patrizi K. Effects of Milk…

Protecting campus free speech, even when it challenges beliefs

Public Release: 2-May-2018   Cornell University ITHACA, N.Y. – Colleges and universities are struggling with the question of who decides what is acceptable speech on campus. When does a controversial topic become hate speech? When should it be allowed as free speech? Two Cornell University researchers say psychological science’s extensive study of bias offers an…

Noise throws the heart out of rhythm

Public Release: 3-May-2018   Mainz University Medical Center publishes new results on noise pollution from the Gutenberg Health Study Johannes Gutenberg Universitaet Mainz IMAGE: Noise throws the heart out of rhythm. Credit: Photomontage realized by Peter Pulkowski, Mainz University Medical Center With an increasing level of noise, the incidence of atrial fibrillation also increases dramatically.…

Could robots be counselors? Early research shows positive user experience

Public Release: 3-May-2018   New research has shown for the first time that a social robot can deliver a ‘helpful’ and ‘enjoyable’ motivational interview University of Plymouth Caption Many participants in the University of Plymouth study praised the ‘non-judgmental’ nature of the humanoid NAO robot as it delivered its session — with one even saying…

Protein Supplements With Meals, better for weight control?

Protein Supplements With Meals, better for weight control?   A new systematic review of available evidence indicates that consuming protein supplements with meals may be more effective at promoting weight control than consuming supplements between meals in adults following a resistance training regimen. Citation: Joshua L Hudson, Robert E Bergia, Wayne W Campbell. Effects of…

Yale physicists find signs of a time crystal

Public Release: 2-May-2018   Yale University IMAGE: Yale physicists looked for a signature of a discrete time crystal within a crystal of monoammonium phosphate. Credit: Michael Marsland/Yale University New Haven, Conn. – Yale physicists have uncovered hints of a time crystal — a form of matter that “ticks” when exposed to an electromagnetic pulse —…

The macabre world of mind-controlling parasites

Public Release: 1-May-2018 The gruesome new field of neuro-parasitology could provide insights into the neurological basis for behavior and decision-making Frontiers Imagine a parasite that makes an animal change its habits, guard the parasite’s offspring or even commit suicide. While mind-control may sound like something out of a science fiction movie, the phenomenon is very…

Hemp shows strong potential for treating cancer

Hemp shows strong potential for treating cancer Hemp shows strong potential for treating cancer Results from some of the first studies to examine hemp’s ability to fight cancer show that it might one day be useful as plant-based treatment for ovarian cancer. KY Hemp-induced Modulation of Ovarian Cancer Cell Metastasis: Sara Biela, Annie Wang, and…

US autism rates rise 15 percent; New Jersey rates remain highest

Public Release: 26-Apr-2018 Rutgers researchers determine New Jersey’s autism prevalence rate is 1 in 34 Rutgers University IMAGE: Walter Zahorodny, an associate professor of pediatrics at Rutgers New Jersey Medical School who directed the New Jersey portion of the study, called the results “consistent, broad and startling. ” Credit: Photo: Nick Romanenko / Rutgers University…

Kids exposed to general anesthestic have poorer development, literacy and numeracy scores

Public Release: 26-Apr-2018   University of Sydney The new finding published today in Pediatric Anesthesia, is based on a data-linkage study of over 210,000 children in New South Wales, Australia. The 211,978 children included in the study were born in New South Wales at 37-plus weeks’ gestation without major congenital anomalies or neurodevelopmental disability. Of…

Who is using guns for suicide?

Public Release: 26-Apr-2018   Boston University School of Medicine (Boston)–The average profile of an American using a gun for suicide is a married, white male over the age of 50 who is experiencing deteriorating health. “Gun suicides may be preventable particularly among older men who are being treated for failing health,” explained corresponding author Bindu…

Neonicotinoids may alter estrogen production in humans

Public Release: 26-Apr-2018   An INRS team publishes the first-ever in vitro study demonstrating the potential effects of these pesticides on human health in the journal Environmental Health Perspectives Institut national de la recherche scientifique – INRS Neonicotinoids are currently the most widely used pesticides in the world and frequently make headlines because of their…