Smarter brains run on sparsely connected neurons

Public Release: 17-May-2018 Princeton researchers crowdsource brain mapping with gamers, discover 6 new neuron types Caption By turning a time-intensive research problem into an interactive game, Princeton neuroscientist Sebastian Seung has built an unprecedented data set of neurons, which he is now turning over to the public via the Eyewire Museum. These 17 retinal neurons,…

UCLA biologists ‘transfer’ a memory

Public Release: 14-May-2018   Research in marine snails could lead to new treatments to restore memories and alter traumatic ones University of California – Los Angeles IMAGE: This is David Glanzman holding a marine snail. Credit: Christelle Snow/UCLA UCLA biologists report they have transferred a memory from one marine snail to another, creating an artificial…

Oral antibiotics linked to increased kidney stone risk for several years after use

PUBLIC RELEASE: 10-MAY-2018 Risk appears to be highest among children AMERICAN SOCIETY OF NEPHROLOGY Highlights Use of oral antibiotics was linked with an increased risk of developing kidney stones. Risk decreased over time but was still elevated several years after antibiotic use. Risk was highest for young patients. Washington, DC May 10, 2018) — The…

Dark Chocolate improves vision with 2 hours

Dark Chocolate improves vision with 2 hours   Contrast sensitivity and visual acuity were significantly higher 2 hours after consumption of a dark chocolate bar compared with a milk chocolate bar, but the duration of these effects and their influence in real-world performance await further testing. Rabin JC, Karunathilake N, Patrizi K. Effects of Milk…

Skin cancers linked with up to a 92% reduced risk of Alzheimer’s disease

Public Release: 19-Apr-2018   Wiley Previous studies have demonstrated a decreased risk of Alzheimer’s disease (AD) in individuals with various cancers, including non-melanoma skin cancers (including squamous cell cancers and basal cell cancers). A new Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology & Venereology study finds that this inverse relationship also holds true for malignant…

Rats sniff out TB in children

Public Release: 9-Apr-2018   Research shows that rats can detect tuberculosis in children with higher accuracy than standard microscopy tests Springer Rats are able to detect whether a child has tuberculosis (TB), and are much more successful at doing this than a commonly used basic microscopy test. These are the results of research led by…

Ancient origins of viruses discovered

Public Release: 4-Apr-2018   New study transforms understanding of virus origins and evolution University of Sydney Research published today in Nature has found that many of the viruses infecting us today have ancient evolutionary histories that date back to the first vertebrates and perhaps the first animals in existence. The study, a collaboration between the…

The Six Inch Tall ‘Atacama Skeleton’ was indeed human

Public Release: 22-Mar-2018 Once-mysterious ‘Atacama Skeleton’ illuminates genetics of bone disease UCSF, Stanford scientists sequence genome of ‘Ata’ and find new mutations University of California – San Francisco The skeleton, discovered in a leather pouch behind an abandoned church, was pristine: a tiny figure, just six inches long, with a cone-shaped head, 10 pairs of…

LSD blurs boundary between self and other

Public Release: 19-Mar-2018   Human brain imaging study of the drug identifies a serotonin receptor system as potential target for treating social impairments in depression, schizophrenia Society for Neuroscience   IMAGE: LSD reduced activity in the posterior cingulate cortex and the temporal cortex, brain areas important for establishing one’s sense of self. Credit: Preller et…

Cancer comes back all jacked up on stem cells

Public Release: 19-Mar-2018 University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus   IMAGE: Antonio Jimeno, MD, PhD, and University of Colorado Cancer Center colleagues analyze three tumor samples collected over time from a single patient to show how cancer evolves to resist treatment. Credit: University of Colorado Cancer Center After a biopsy or surgery, doctors often get…

Death rates mysteriously skyrocket in England and Wales

Public Release: 14-Mar-2018 Health chiefs failing to investigate rising deaths in England and Wales, argue experts Latest figures show over 10,000 extra deaths in first weeks of 2018 compared with previous years Health chiefs are failing to investigate a clear pattern of rising death rates and worsening health outcomes in England and Wales, argue experts…