Could AI robots develop prejudice on their own?

Public Release: 6-Sep-2018 Computer science and psychology experts suggest discrimination is also a non-human phenomenon that could make autonomous machines susceptible Cardiff University Showing prejudice towards others does not require a high level of cognitive ability and could easily be exhibited by artificially intelligent machines, new research has suggested. Computer science and psychology experts from…

Jumping to scientific conclusions challenges biomedical research

Public Release: 4-Sep-2018   Scientists are subject to same biases as undergraduates when interpreting data, finds a survey of graduate- to senior-level researchers Society for Neuroscience Caption Improving experimental design and statistical analyses alone will not solve the reproducibility crisis in science, argues Ray Dingledine in a societal impact article published in eNeuro. Repeating classic…

Psycholinguists build eye-tracking database on reading in Russian

Public Release: 30-Aug-2018   National Research University Higher School of Economics Researchers from the Higher School of Economics, St. Petersburg State University, and the University of Potsdam have created the first ever database comprised of eye-tracking data collected during reading in Russian. The results are openly available and can be used not only in linguistics,…

Scientists identify a new kind of human brain cell

Public Release: 27-Aug-2018   ‘Rosehip’ neurons not found in rodents, may be involved in fine-level control between regions of the human brain Allen Institute IMAGE: This is a digital reconstruction of a rosehip neuron in the human brain. Credit: Tamas Lab, University of Szeged One of the most intriguing questions about the human brain is…

Genetically engineered virus spins gold into beads

Public Release: 23-Aug-2018 The discovery could make production of some electronic components cheaper, easier, and faster University of California – Riverside IMAGE: Electron microscope image of M13 spheroid-templated spiky gold nanobead with corresponding graphical illustration. Credit: Haberer Lab, UC Riverside RIVERSIDE, Calif. (http://www.ucr.edu) — The race is on to find manufacturing techniques capable of arranging…

Laziness helped lead to extinction of Homo erectus

Public Release: 10-Aug-2018 Australian National University IMAGE: This is Dr. Seri Shipton in the Arabian Peninsula. Image: ANU. Credit: ANU New archaeological research from The Australian National University (ANU) has found that Homo erectus, an extinct species of primitive humans, went extinct in part because they were ‘lazy’. An archaeological excavation of ancient human populations…

A kernel of promise in popcorn-powered robots

Public Release: 2-Aug-2018   Cornell University ITHACA, N.Y. – Cornell University researchers have discovered how to power simple robots with a novel substance that, when heated, can expand more than 10 times in size, change its viscosity by a factor of 10 and transition from regular to highly irregular granules with surprising force. You can…

‘Strange metals’ just got stranger

Public Release: 2-Aug-2018 A material already known for its unique behavior is found to carry current in a way never before observed Florida State University TALLAHASSEE, Fla. — Scientists at the Florida State University-headquartered National High Magnetic Field Laboratory have discovered a behavior in materials called cuprates that suggests they carry current in a way…

Study reveals the Great Pyramid of Giza can focus electromagnetic energy

Public Release: 30-Jul-2018 Scientists created a model of the pyramid resonant electromagnetic response ITMO University An international research group applied methods of theoretical physics to investigate the electromagnetic response of the Great Pyramid to radio waves. Scientists predicted that under resonance conditions the pyramid can concentrate electromagnetic energy in its internal chambers and under the…

Energy-intensive Bitcoin transactions pose a growing environmental threat

Public Release: 31-Jul-2018   New study assesses tax and regulatory options to incentivize the development of ‘green’ blockchain technologies and discourages use of polluting applications Elsevier   Caption Bitcoin’s peer-to-peer transaction verification is a polluting process, requiring machine hardware around the world to run at a high rate, 24 hours a day, producing vast amounts…