How to mass produce cell-sized robots

Public Release: 23-Oct-2018 Technique from MIT could lead to tiny, self-powered devices for environmental, industrial, or medical monitoring.Technique from MIT could lead to tiny, self-powered devices for environmental, industrial, or medical monitoring Massachusetts Institute of Technology CAMBRIDGE, Mass. — Tiny robots no bigger than a cell could be mass-produced using a new method developed by…

World’s fastest camera freezes time at 10 trillion frames per second

Public Release: 11-Oct-2018 T-CUP makes it possible to see phenomena — and even light! — in extremely slow motion Institut national de la recherche scientifique – INRS IMAGE: The trillion-frame-per-second compressed ultrafast photography system. Credit: INRS What happens when a new technology is so precise that it operates on a scale beyond our characterization capabilities?…

Creating custom brains from the ground up

Public Release: 10-Oct-2018   Boston Children’s Hospital Scientists studying how genetics impact brain disease have long sought a better experimental model. Cultures of genetically-modified cell lines can reveal some clues to how certain genes influence the development of psychiatric disorders and brain cancers. But such models cannot offer the true-to-form look at brain function that…

The threat of Centaurs for the Earth

Public Release: 8-Oct-2018 Astrophysicists calculate the impact probability and crater size of impacts due to minor bodies University of Vienna The astrophysicists Mattia Galiazzo and Rudolf Dvorak from the University of Vienna, in collaboration with Elizabeth A. Silber (Brown University, USA) investigated the long-term path development of Centaurs (solar system minor bodies which originally have…

Smart devices could soon tap their owners as a battery source

Public Release: 27-Sep-2018   University of Surrey The world is edging closer to a reality where smart devices are able to use their owners as an energy resource, say experts from the University of Surrey. In a study published by the Advanced Energy Materials journal, scientists from Surrey’s Advanced Technology Institute (ATI) detail an innovative…

Impact of WWII bombing raids felt at edge of space

Public Release: 25-Sep-2018   European Geosciences Union IMAGE: Bombing of a factory at Marienburg, Germany, on Oct. 9, 1943. Credit: US Air Force Bombing raids by Allied forces during the Second World War not only caused devastation on the ground but also sent shockwaves through Earth’s atmosphere which were detected at the edge of space,…

Diversity in the brain — how millions of neurons become unique

Public Release: 25-Sep-2018   How is it possible that so many different and highly specific neurons arise in the brain? A mathematic model developed by researchers from the University of Basel’s Biozentrum demonstrates that different variants of genes enable such a random diversity University of Basel IMAGE: Different gene variants ensure the diversity of neurons…

Famous theory of the living Earth upgraded to ‘Gaia 2.0’

Public Release: 13-Sep-2018 University of Exeter A time-honoured theory into why conditions on Earth have remained stable enough for life to evolve over billions of years has been given a new, innovative twist. For around half a century, the ‘Gaia’ hypothesis has provided a unique way of understanding how life has persisted on Earth. It…

Could AI robots develop prejudice on their own?

Public Release: 6-Sep-2018 Computer science and psychology experts suggest discrimination is also a non-human phenomenon that could make autonomous machines susceptible Cardiff University Showing prejudice towards others does not require a high level of cognitive ability and could easily be exhibited by artificially intelligent machines, new research has suggested. Computer science and psychology experts from…

Jumping to scientific conclusions challenges biomedical research

Public Release: 4-Sep-2018   Scientists are subject to same biases as undergraduates when interpreting data, finds a survey of graduate- to senior-level researchers Society for Neuroscience Caption Improving experimental design and statistical analyses alone will not solve the reproducibility crisis in science, argues Ray Dingledine in a societal impact article published in eNeuro. Repeating classic…

Psycholinguists build eye-tracking database on reading in Russian

Public Release: 30-Aug-2018   National Research University Higher School of Economics Researchers from the Higher School of Economics, St. Petersburg State University, and the University of Potsdam have created the first ever database comprised of eye-tracking data collected during reading in Russian. The results are openly available and can be used not only in linguistics,…