Breast cancer screening does not reduce mortality

Public Release: 12-Sep-2018 A Norwegian-Danish study shows that breast cancer mortality is indeed declining, but not due to screening for breast cancer. Associate Professor Henrik Støvring from Denmark thinks it is time to consider alternatives to mammography screening. Aarhus University Fewer and fewer women die from breast cancer in recent years but, surprisingly, the decline…

Vicious circle leads to loss of brain cells in old age

Public Release: 31-Aug-2018 Researchers at the University of Bonn determine how dangerous inflammations in the brain are caused University of Bonn IMAGE: Dr. Andras Bilkei-Gorzo and his colleagues have determined how endocannabinoids attenuate inflammatory reactions in the brain. Credit: © Photo: Kerstin Nicolai/Uni Bonn The so-called CB1 receptor is responsible for the intoxicating effect of…

New research: Financial disclosure lacking in publication of clinical trials

Public Release: 30-Aug-2018 Oregon Health & Science University A substantial proportion of pharmaceutical industry payments to authors of oncology clinical trials published in major scientific journals are not disclosed, new research shows. The publications focused on clinical trials that tested new cancer drugs. The new findings will be published as a research letter in the…

Antibiotic side effects in kids lead to nearly 70,000 ER visits in the US each year

Public Release: 23-Aug-2018 Pediatric Infectious Diseases Society The use of antibiotics drives the development of antibiotic resistance, a major threat to public health worldwide. But these drugs also carry the risk of harm to individual patients, including children. According to a new analysis published in the Journal of the Pediatric Infectious Diseases Society, antibiotics led…

One of the most popular ADHD drugs may cause hallucinations and other psychotic symptoms

Public Release: 22-Aug-2018 Exeley Inc. In the scientific article recently published in Scandinavian Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology, Erica Ramstad and others reviewed the existing evidence between various psychotic symptoms such as hallucinations, problems with concentration or anxiety with methylphenidate, a drug commonly prescribed as a treatment for attention deficit hyperactivity disorder…

The dark side of antibiotic ciprofloxacin

Public Release: 25-Jul-2018 Baylor College of Medicine The use of ciprofloxacin and other antibiotics of the class of fluoroquinolones may be associated with disruption of the normal functions of connective tissue, including tendon rupture, tendonitis and retinal detachment. These observations reported in a number of journals resulted in the drugs currently having a black box…

Most common shoulder operation is no more beneficial than placebo surgery

Public Release: 19-Jul-2018 One of the most common surgical procedures in the Western world is probably unnecessary, suggests a new study University of Helsinki The Finnish Shoulder Impingement Arthroscopy Controlled Trial (FIMPACT) compared surgical treatment of shoulder impingement syndrome to placebo surgery. Two years after the procedure the study participants, both those in the group…

Study: ADHD drugs do not improve cognition in healthy college students

Public Release: 19-Jul-2018 Medication may also impair working memory, researchers at URI, Brown University report University of Rhode Island KINGSTON, R.I., July 19, 2018 — Contrary to popular belief across college campuses, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) medications may fail to improve cognition in healthy students and actually can impair functioning, according to a study…

Anticonvulsant drugs ineffective for low back pain and can cause harm, despite increased prescribing

Public Release: 3-Jul-2018 Canadian Medical Association Journal Anticonvulsant drugs are increasingly being used to treat low back pain, but a new study in CMAJ (Canadian Medical Association Journal) finds they are ineffective and can have adverse effects. “Clinically, the prescription of anticonvulsants for back and neck pain, including radicular pain in primary care, has increased…

Antidepressants may increase risk of death by 20 percent for those COPD

Public Release: 26-Jun-2018   Serotonergic antidepressants increase respiratory-related adverse events for those with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, study suggests St. Michael’s Hospital TORONTO, June 26, 2018 – Antidepressant use in people with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is associated with a 20 per cent increase in likelihood of death and a 15 per cent increase…