The highest production was found in the rice bran (ca. 742 ng/g dw), followed by the buckwheat bran (ca. 631 ng/g dw), after fermentation. Meanwhile, the addition of L. brevis was able to dominate indigenous microbes during fermentation and thus greatly improve microbial safety during the fermentation of different grain materials. #b12 #vegan #fermentation https://helda.helsinki.fi/bitstream/handle/10138/317682/insitufo.pdf?sequence=1&isAllowed=y In situ fortification of vitamin B12 in grain materials by fermentation withPropionibacterium freudenreichii, Chong Xie ISBN 978-951-51-6355-4 (PAPERBACK) ISBN 978-951-51-6356-1 (PDF, http://ETHESIS.HELSINKI.FI) ISSN 0355-1180 UNIGRAFIA HELSINKI 2020
It’s a no-brainer, right? Vegans and vegetarians don’t have to think twice about eating fruit and vegetables because they don’t contain animal products.
But at Natural Products Expo West this year, I met the folks of One Degree Organic, who introduced the concept of “veganic” agriculture—a type of organic farming in which no animal byproducts are used.
So, that loaf of bread I thought was vegan? Technically not, if the wheat was grown using manure.
And now, a new spray-on coating that could delay the ripening of bananas for 12 days could also turn my vegan banana into, technically, a non-vegan one.
The spray coating is made from chitosan, which is derived from shrimp and crab shells. Vegans forgo the consumption of fish and crustaceans, making this spray a no-no.
What else is in our food?
According to ScienceDaily, chitosan is gaining attention for keeping fruits and vegetables fresher longer due to how it kills bacteria that causes produce to rot. Until now, however, it has not been used to slow the ripening of bananas. The coating could potentially be used in supermarkets or by consumers at home.
While it’s not a commercial reality yet, if such a spray were used in stores, consumers would be none the wiser.
I’m not a stickler when it comes to the perfect vegan diet. In fact, I eat organic, local honey. But like screening for GMOs, I want to know what my local grocer is spraying my food with—vegan or not—so that I can be an informed shopper