Post-medieval Polish buried as potential ‘vampires’ were likely local



Potential vampires in the 17th-18th century buried with rocks, sickles to ward off evil

Caption: Individual 49/2012 (30-39 year old female) is shown with a sickle placed across the neck.


Potential ‘vampires’ buried in northwestern Poland with sickles and rocks across their bodies were likely local and not immigrants to the region, according to a study published November 26, 2014 in the open-access journal PLOS ONE by Lesley Gregoricka from University of South Alabama and colleagues.

In northwestern Poland, apotropaic funerary rites–a traditional practice intended to prevent evil–occurred throughout the 17th-18th c. AD. Those of the dead considered at risk for becoming vampires for a variety of reasons were given specific treatment, and investigating these burial practices may provide insight into community cultural and social practices, as well as the social identities of people living in the area at the time. Excavations at a cemetery in northwestern Poland have revealed six unusual graves, with sickles across the bodies or large rocks under the chins of select individuals, amidst hundreds of normal burials. To better understand whether the bodies selected for apotropaic burial rites were local or non-local immigrants, the authors of this study tested permanent molars from 60 individuals, including 6 “special” or deviant burials, using radiogenic strontium isotope ratios from archaeological dental enamel. They then compared the results to strontium isotopes of local animals. Continue reading “Post-medieval Polish buried as potential ‘vampires’ were likely local”

Top Polish Diplomat: Our Alliance with US is worthless

Monday, 23 June 2014

A Polish magazine said Sunday it has obtained recordings of a private conversation in which the foreign minister says Poland’s strong alliance with the U.S. was worthless and “even harmful because it creates a false sense of security.”

In a short transcript of the conversation, a person identified as Foreign Minister Radek Sikorski also allegedly criticized Poles as naive in a conversation with a former finance minister — in the latest recorded revelation from magazine Wprost to rattle Prime Minister Donald Tusk’s government. Continue reading “Top Polish Diplomat: Our Alliance with US is worthless”

Poland evacuates consulate in Crimea: foreign minister

March 08, 2014 03:37 PM

Warsaw residents stage a demonstration outside the U.S. Embassy in Warsaw, Poland, Thursday, March 6, 2014, to demand sanctions against Russian leader Vladimir Putin and his government for the military incursion in Ukraine’s Crimea region. (AP Photo/Czarek Sokolowski)

WARSAW: Polish Foreign Minister Radoslaw Sikorski  said on Saturday Poland  had evacuated its consulate in Ukraine’s Crimea  due to disturbances by Russian forces.

Sikorski said on Twitter: “Because of continuing disturbances by Russian forces there, we have reluctantly evacuated our consulate in Crimea, Ukraine.”

The consulate is in Sevastopol, the home of both Russia’s Black Sea Fleet  and the Ukrainian navy, where Russian troops drove a truck into a missile defence post and took control of it overnight. Continue reading “Poland evacuates consulate in Crimea: foreign minister”

Hacking Team snoopware found on US servers

– The governments named include Uzbekistan, Poland, Mexico, Colombia, Morocco, Thailand, the UAE, Korea* Morocco and Azerbaijan

Citizen Lab tags foreign governments for spying in America

Spy vs. Spy
Spy vs. Spy (Photo credit: tr.robinson)

By    Richard Chirgwin    6th March 2014 05:01 GMT

Canada’s Citizen Lab has added to its record of uncovering government snooping using Hacking Team’s software, has dropped a bombshell: it’s accused 12 American data centres of hosting clients deploying the spyware.

In its latest report, Hacking Team’s US Nexus, Citizen Lab* says there are 114 servers in America, in at least a dozen data centres, that are part of RCS (Remote Control Software) circuits.

The group says their identification of RCS traffic isn’t some routing accident, but demonstrates “the purposeful use of US servers for the surreptitious transmission of wiretapped data to foreign governments.”

The governments it accuses of snooping are, in other words, using RCS to wiretap on individuals – for example, citizens in the US, journalists reporting on their countries’ affairs, expats and activists – and send the data offshore. This violates US laws, such as the Computer Fraud and Abuse Act and the Wiretap Act, Citizen Lab writes. Continue reading “Hacking Team snoopware found on US servers”

Kiev agitators ‘trained in Poland’ claims Putin

04.03.2014 16:09

President Putin claimed on Tuesday that “well prepared” and organized protesters in Kiev who brought down the Yanukovych regime were “trained in Poland and Lithuania”.


In his first in-depth comments since the Russian parliament gave the green light for military action in Ukraine on Saturday, Vladimir Putin told a press conference in Moscow, “look how well they were prepared.”

“They underwent preparation in bases in Lithuanian and Polish border areas, and [of course] in Ukraine itself. Their instructors were ready for a lengthy time, you saw how they were prepared, like special forces, they were even divided up into squads,”

Putin told journalists. On Saturday, the vice-president of the Russian Federation Council claimed that “gunmen who took over power in Kiev were trained in Poland and Lithuania”.

The Polish defence ministry categorically denied the accusations on Tuesday. A confident looking Russian president said today that, “there can be only one assessment of what happened in Kiev, in Ukraine in general. This was an anti-constitutional coup and the armed seizure of power.

No one argues with this,” he said. Putin said Russia reserved the right to use all options in Ukraine to protect compatriots living in “terror” but that Moscow would use force only as a last resort. “As for bringing in forces. For now there is no such need but such a possibility exists,” he said.

“What could serve as a reason to use military force? It would naturally be the last resort, absolutely the last.” Continue reading “Kiev agitators ‘trained in Poland’ claims Putin”

Russian army holds exercises on Polish and Lithuanian borders ( First reported 3.03.2014 )

 First reported 3.03.2014

– Polish General Marek Dukaczewski said to TVN24 in an interview that the military exercises in the Kaliningrad region violated the international norms

– The general called on NATO to react urgently to the situation near the EU borders calling it a direct threat to the security of Lithuania and Poland.

 Russian army holds exercises on Polish and Lithuanian borders

Russian army holds exercises on Polish and Lithuanian borders
Large-scale tactical exercises have started in the Kaliningrad region.

The coast guard troops of the Baltic Sea Fleet are involved in the maneuvres. According to Russian media, the exercises began following a snap check of the armed forces ordered by Vladimir Putin. More than 3,500 servicemen of mechanised infantry regiments and the guards naval infantry brigade take part in the drills. Continue reading “Russian army holds exercises on Polish and Lithuanian borders ( First reported 3.03.2014 )”

Poland’s fear of ‘the Russian Bear’

–  Polish Prime Minister Donald Tusk warned that the world “stands on the brink of a conflict” that would affect states everywhere. The consequences could be dire, and a matter of survival for his country

Poland, which borders Russia and Ukraine, played an active role in the deal that ended the violent conflict in Ukraine. But this time, Poland’s shot at successfully mediating between its neighbors is slim, experts say.

Poland’s increasing anxiety over the situation in neighboring Ukraine became evident as Polish Prime Minister Donald Tusk warned that the world “stands on the brink of a conflict” that would affect states everywhere. The consequences could be dire, and a matter of survival for his country, the Prime Minister told reporters on Sunday in Warsaw.

Poland, which borders the Russian exclave Kaliningrad in the north and shares more than 500 kilometers (310 miles) of border with Ukraine in the southeast, is arguably the EU member state most vulnerable to the conflict between Russia and Ukraine.

Poland and Ukraine share more than a border, though; they also look back at similar experiences in the past. Both states were used as pawns in international politics, and both were always positioned between Russia and the West. The two countries’ borders have been repeatedly redrawn. Entire ethnic groups were expelled from each of the two nations. Continue reading “Poland’s fear of ‘the Russian Bear’”

Britain must say ‘no’ to eastern European immigrants, says Cameron

The Prime Minister says young Brits cannot “fully” compete with hard-working   immigrants from Eastern Europe

By Steven Swinford, Senior Political Correspondent

12:38PM GMT 28 Oct 2013

British youths are not “fully capable” of competing with hard working   immigrants from Eastern Europe because they lack the basic skills and   qualifications, David Cameron has said.

The Prime Minister said it was a “cruel fact” that a generation of young   Britons could “left behind” and fail to share in the benefits of the   economic recovery.

He said that in factories across the country up to half of the workforce is   from Eastern European countries such as Poland, Lithuania and Latvia.

He said that Britain must learn to say “no” to foreign workers and do more to   ensure people leave school with good qualifications and don’t spend their   lives on benefits.

Speaking at the launch of an event to celebrate apprentices at the Mini plant   near Oxford, Mr Cameron said “you can’t blame” immigrants for wanting to   work hard and get on.

He said: “You can go to factories in our country where half the people come   from Poland, Lithuania or Latvia. You can’t blame them, they want to work,   they see the jobs, they come over and they do them.

“But as a country what we ought to be saying is ‘No, let’s get our education   system right so we are producing young people out of our schools and   colleges who are fully capable of doing those jobs’.”

Mr Cameron’s tone is in stark contrast to Boris Johnson, the Mayor of London,   who said earlier this month that he is “probably the only” politician in   Britain to admit to be prepared to “stand up and say” he is pro-immigration.

He has said that young Britons are “wet behind the ears” and lack the work   ethic of immigrants, who are prepared to do “menial” jobs that locals refuse.

Mr Cameron said that the welfare system needs to be reformed so it “does not   pay to be out of work”, adding that immigration needs to be restricted.

“Let’s have sensible controls on immigration, particularly from outside the EU   where we can cap the number of people who come,” he said.

He added: “Immigration, welfare and education are totally linked. Crack those   three problems together and we can really get an economy that generates   wealth for our people.”

He defended the government’s controversial work experience programme, which   encourages people to take unpaid internships.

He said: “Getting people into the workplace, giving them experience of work,   of timekeeping and all the things it means to have a job is a really good   way to help get people started.

“It’s a cruel fact but it’s true that the best way to get a job is to have one   already.”

He said: “The danger for a country like Britain is yes, you see the economy   recover, yes you see jobs coming, but you leave behind people who have not   got the right qualifications from school. I don’t want that to happen in our   country.”

Matt Hancock, the skills minister, expanded on Mr Cameron’s comments. He said:   We have a record number of jobs in this country and we’ve got to make sure   that as people leave school, they are in a position to take those jobs.   Likewise the employers should look at local young people when they’re trying   to fill these jobs.”

More than 60 of the UK’s leading businesses have signed up to deliver   new-style apprenticeship schemes, including Mini owners BMW, BAE Systems,   Microsoft and Barclays Bank.


Eli Lilly Coughs Up $29 Million for Bribes: ” As is customary with the SEC, Lilly did not have to admit that it did anything wrong “

WASHINGTON (CN) – Eli Lilly & Co. will pay $29 million to settle charges of bribing foreign officials for contracts in four countries, the SEC said Thursday.

Lilly subsidiaries paid off government officials in Russia, Brazil, China and Poland to secure millions of dollars in business, the SEC said in announcing the settlement.

Lilly’s Russian subsidiary “used offshore ‘marketing agreements’ to pay millions of dollars to third parties chosen by government customers or distributors, despite knowing little or nothing about the third parties beyond their offshore address and bank account information,” the SEC said in its statement. “These offshore entities rarely provided any services and in some instances were used to funnel money to government officials in order to obtain business for the subsidiary.”

Lilly knew of the Foreign Corrupt Practices Act violations in Russia for more than five years but failed to rein in its subsidiary, the SEC said. Its subsidiaries in Brazil, China and Poland did the same thing, according to the SEC.

“We strongly caution company officials from averting their eyes from what they do not wish to see,” an SEC enforcement chief said in the statement.

Lilly agreed to disgorge $14 million, plus $6.7 million in interest, and pay an $8.7 million fine, “for a total payment of $29,398,734,” the SEC said.

As is customary with the SEC, Lilly did not have to admit that it did anything wrong.

The settlement is subject to court approval.

Polish editor laid off over plane crash story

Самолет авиакатастрофа президент Польши Лех Качински траур флаг

Photo: EPA

The editor in chief of Polish newspaper Rzeczpospolita, a correspondent and two other staff members have been fired for running an article claiming high explosives were found at the scene of the 2010 plane crash that killed then Polish President Lech Kaczynski.

On October 30 the paper published an article claiming that traces of explosives had been found at the Smolensk site where the plane carrying Kaczynski and other top officials crashed.

Polish prosecutors dismissed the clam later that same day. After the author of the scandalous article failed to corroborate the claim with hard facts, the newspaper’s owner promised to make sure that nothing like that ever happened again.

The Tu-154 plane, carrying a delegation of senior Polish officials, crashed in heavy fog as it attempted to land at an airfield near the western Russian city of Smolensk on April 10, 2010. There were no survivors in the crash that killed all 96 passengers and crew on board.

Polish publishers promise punishment

The publisher of the Polish newspaper Rzecz Pospolita are conducting an internal investigation to determine the accuracy of the recent scandalous story that was published regarding the crash of the presidential airliner of Lech Kaczynski.

Tuesday, the newspaper published an article alleging that staff of the Polish Military Prosecutor’s Office and a number of other experts found traces of TNT and nitroglycerin on the wreckage of the wings and the inner parts of the airplane that crashed on April 10, 2010 near Smolensk.

On the same day, the Military Prosecutor’s Office denied the information contained in the article, calling the allegations false.

According to a statement released by the publishers of the paper, if they find that journalistic standards were not followed when the material was published and readers were mis-led, the guilty will be punished.

Rzeczpospolita daily editor resigns over scandalous article

The editor of the Polish daily Rzeczpospolita, Tomasz Wróblewski, has tendered his resignation over a report in his paper Tuesday alleging that Polish investigators had found traces of explosive substances on the wreckage of the Polish presidential airliner that crashed near Smolensk on April 10, 2010.

But an official of the Polish Military Prosecutor’s Office, Colonel Ireneusz Szeląg, said later that the investigators had failed to confirm the presence of trotyl on the plane debris.

The Rzeczpospolita editorial board published a statement acknowledging that they have made an error by alleging the presence of trotyl and nitroglycerine on the plane wreckage.

Experts find no traces of explosives in crashed Smolensk plane

Numerous tests haven’t revealed any traces of explosives in the wreckage of the crashed president Kaczynski’s Tu-154 plane, Polish Military prosecutors reported Thursday.

The results deny a publication in the Polish newspaper Rzecz Pospolita stating that explosives were found in the wreckage.

Colonel Edmund Klich, Poland’s envoy to the Interstate Aviation Committee (IAC) which probed the crash told the VoR that the tragedy was caused by technical flaws and human factor.

Poland’s president urges no panic over Smolensk crash publication

President Bronislaw Komorowski urged Poles to settle down after a publication about the plane crash in Smolensk in the Polish newspaper Rzecz Pospolita, stating that traces of explosives were found in the wreckage of crashed governmental plane.

Komorowski called a “political tsunami” effect caused by the publication, Interfaxreported.

“After an article based on erroneous data, for which the editorial office has admitted caused a political tsunami, brought a wave of political violence, even going to the charges of murder, must stop before it crosses the boundary of irresponsibility,” the Polish head of state said.

Polish prosecutor denies explosives claims over Smolensk crash

Polish military prosecutor, Ireneusz Szelag, has denied having found traces of explosives on the wreckage of crashed president Kaczynski’s Tu-154 plane.

The announcement followed an article in Poland’s Rzeczpospolita newspaper, claiming bomb experts had discovered a high level of trotyl and nitroglycerin on passenger seats and the plane’s skin. This allegation contradicted the official version of the reasons behind the Smolensk crash.

Mr. Szelag said the experts had used ion mass-spectrometers to conduct a chemical analysis of the crash site. These hi-tech devices react to any traces of explosives-related substances.

“The equipment sometimes reacts to pesticides, solvents and even some sorts of modern cosmetics,” Ireneusz Szelag told reporters Tuesday.

Trotyl found on wreckage of Polish president Kaczynski’s board?

Poland’s Rzeczpospolita newspaper has published an article titled Trotyl on Tupolev Wrechage, which claimed Polish prosecutors and bomb experts had found traces of trotyl and nitroglycerin on the wreckage of the crashed Tu-154 near Smolensk.

This allegation was supported by Poland’s Prosecutor General Andrzej Seremet.

The Rzeczpospolita daily said Polish experts used advanced technologies to discover particles of explosives on some thirty passenger seats and the plane’s skin.

Poland’s Prime Minister Donald Tusk has been informed about the findings. Polish Prosecutor’s Office said it was going to make an announcement of its stance in near future.

Witness in case of Kaczynski plane crash found dead

A key witness in the case of the Polish Tu-154 airliner crash near Smolensk in 2010 has been found dead at his home near Warsaw. Investigators think the witness had killed himself, according to an official of the district prosecutor’s office, Dariusz Sliepokura.

The flight engineer of a Polish Yak-40 plane, Riemigiusz Mos, was found hanged in a Warsaw suburb late on Sunday.

The body was found in the basement of a residential house where he lived together with his wife, the prosecutor’s office official said in a live interview with Radio Poland. According to him, neither police, nor prosecutors have reasons to suspect that third persons could be involved in the death of the 42-year-old Mos.

Mos was in the cockpit of his Yak-40 airliner that landed at Smolensk-Severny airport just one hour before the presidential Tu-154 had attempted to land at the same airport but crashed, killing all 96 people onboard, including Polish President Lech Kaczynski. Mos could hear the communication between the Tu-154 crew and the Smolensk air traffic controllers via his on-board radio.

Russia to probe into leaked photos of Smolensk plane crash victims

Russia’s Investigation Committee is probing into the case of illegal photos of Smolensk plane crash victims being taken and leaked to the web, committee’s spokesman Vladimir Markin told journalists today.

A Polish news agency earlier reported that Poland’s Prosecutor General Andrzej Seremet was going to call for Russian Investigation Committee’s chief Alexander Bastrykin to initiate a probe into this case.

Photos depicting bodies of the crash victims appeared in the Russian blogosphere a month ago. Some of them were apparently shot in the morgue.

Tests prove Smolensk victims’ bodies were ‘mixed up’

Poland has published results of DNA tests, which proved the bodies of Smolensk crash victims had been “mixed up,” said Zbigniew Rzepa, spokesman of the Chief Military Prosecutor’s Office.

The lab tests were conducted by two separate organizations in Bydgoszcz and Vrotslav. Their results clearly showed two bodies had been incorrectly identified.

Six bodies of Smolensk crash victims were exhumed last week over suspicion of having been confused. Identities of three victims were eventually confirmed, while the bodies of Anna Walentynowicz, an activist of the Solidarity movement, and Teresa Walewska-Przyjalkowska had been mixed up, pathologists said.

Another batch of Smolensk crash documentation sent to Warsaw

Russia has granted a Polish request for more documentation concerning the crash of the Polish presidential jet near Smolensk in April 2010. A total of 58 volumes have already been sent to Poland.

The crash killed all 96 people on board, including lawmakers, Generals, Ministers, President Lech Kaczynski and his wife Maria Kaczynska.

The President was leading a Polish delegation to commemorative events in Katyn, where Stalin’s secret police massacred captured Polish officers in 1940.

Voice of Russia, RIA, TASS, FOX News, IF

Poland found explosives on wreckage of president’s plane: report ( TNT and nitroglycerin )

Polish investigators found traces of explosives on the wreckage of the government jet that crashed in Russiatwo years ago, killing Poland’s president and 95 others, daily Rzeczpospolita reported on Tuesday.

Without citing sources, the newspaper said prosecutors and explosive experts who examined the remains of the plane in Russia found signs of TNT and nitroglycerin on the wings and in the cabin, including on 30 seats.

Traces of explosives were also found in the area where the Tu-154 crashed during its approach to a small airport near the Russian city of Smolensk on April 10, 2010, the daily reported.

Poland’s military prosecutor’s office plans to respond to the report later on Tuesday, its spokesman said.

Russian investigators had blamed the Polish crew for trying to land in heavy fog, while their Polish counterparts also said the airport controllers should not have allowed the plane to attempt an approach.

Some rightist groups in Poland, including main opposition party Law and Justice, had rejected the findings and suggested the crash could have been an assassination of President Lech Kaczynski and political and military leaders who flew with him.

In their official reports, investigators said they found no proof of the involvement of third parties.

The investigators have not ruled out the possibility that the traces of explosives come from unexploded bombs dating back to World War Two that could have remained in the area where the aircraft came down, the newspaper said.


Polish opposition draws thousands for anti-government rally: ” Democracy is becoming fictional “

By Agence France-Presse Saturday, September 29, 2012 19:11 EDT

Image via AFP

Tens of thousands of opponents of Poland’s centrist government massed in the capital Saturday for a protest called by trade unions, an ultra-Catholic movement and politicians.

Organisers put the turnout at 100,000, while Polish media estimated the number at 40,000, but neither figure was immediately confirmed by police.

Mustered by organisations including the Solidarity trade union, the ultra-conservative Catholic media broadcaster-cum-political movement Radio Maryja and the main conservative opposition Law and Justice party, the demonstrators flooded in from across Poland.

After a Catholic mass in central Warsaw, they marched three kilometres to the capital’s Old Town district singing religious and patriotic songs.

Addressing the crowd on the historic Castle Square, Law and Justice leader Jaroslaw Kaczynski said it was time for change.

“Today, we need renewal, and above all, moral renewal,” he told the crowd, to rapturous applause.

“Poles are exploited by those who manipulate the people, and who have no respect for the law. Democracy is becoming fictional,” he insisted.

The marchers were united in their antipathy to centrist Prime Minister Donald Tusk, though their concerns vary widely.

Supporters of Radio Maryja — part of the media empire of controversial priest Father Tadeusz Rydzyk — are angry that its television arm Trwam was not one of the channels included in a nationwide digital broadcast package, claiming the decision is political.

“We demand the right to freedom. That’s why we want Trwam,” said Kaczynski, who has long claimed that the mainstream media backs Tusk.

Poland’s Audiovisual Council opposed Trwam’s inclusion in the digital package, citing concerns over its source of financing, and the channel continues to broadcast on satellite and cable.

Marchers from Solidarity — the iconic union which helped bring down Poland’s communist regime in the 1980s and now has close ties to Law and Justice — turned out to oppose to the government’s decision to raise the retirement age to 67.

Tusk’s centrists have been in power since 2007, and the opposition failed to stop him winning a landmark second term in last year’s elections.

Poland is the only member of the European Union to have remained in growth since the global economic crisis struck in 2008, but many in the nation of 38 million are concerned about a slowdown driven by the persistent economic woes of its EU trade partners.

“I’ve come to protest to show that there are people who are unhappy with what’s going on in Poland. The economic situation is getting worse, and our children will have a harder life than we have,” Piotr Zaremba from Czarna Bialostocka northeast of Warsaw told AFP.

In 2009, Poland’s economy expanded by 1.7 percent compared with the previous year, before growth rose to 3.8 percent in 2010 and 4.3 percent in 2011.

But growth is forecast to be down to 2.5 percent this year, and 2.2 percent in 2013.

In addition, unemployment has remained a persistent problem despite economic stability, standing at 12 percent.

Experts blame inadequate retraining programmes to help the jobless change careers, housing problems that make it tough to move to more prosperous regions of the country, and the role of the “grey” economy

Polish exorcism boom leads to launch of ‘Egzorcysta’ magazine

By Agence France-Presse Tuesday, September 11, 2012 14:45 EDT

Exorcism via Shutterstock

With exorcism booming in Poland, Roman Catholic priests have joined forces with a publisher to launch what they claim is the world’s first monthly magazine focused exclusively on chasing out the devil.

“The rise in the number or exorcists from four to more than 120 over the course of 15 years in Poland is telling,” Father Aleksander Posacki, a professor of philosophy, theology and leading demonologist and exorcist told reporters in Warsaw at the Monday launch of the Egzorcysta monthly.

Ironically, he attributed the rise in demonic possessions in what remains one of Europe’s most devoutly Catholic nations partly to the switch from atheist communism to free market capitalism in 1989.

“It’s indirectly due to changes in the system: capitalism creates more opportunities to do business in the area of occultism. Fortune telling has even been categorised as employment for taxation,” Posacki told AFP.

“If people can make money out of it, naturally it grows and its spiritual harm grows too,” he said, hastening to add authentic exorcism is absolutely free of charge.

Posacki, who also serves on an international panel of expert Roman Catholic exorcists, highlighted what he termed the “helplessness of various schools of psychology and psychiatry” when confronted with extreme behaviours that conventional therapies fail to cure.

“Possession comes as a result of committing evil. Stealing, killing and other sins,” he told reporters, adding that evil spirits are chased out using a guide of ritual prayers approved by Polish-born pope John Paul II in 1999.

“Our hands are full,” admitted fellow exorcist and Polish Roman Catholic priest Father Andrzej Grefkowicz, revealing exorcists have a three month waiting list in the capital Warsaw.

Priests performing exorcism also work with psychiatrists in order to avoid mistaking mental illness for possession, he said.

“I’ve invited psychiatrists to meetings when I’ve had doubts about a case and often we’ve both concluded the issue is mental illness, hysteria, not possession,” he said.

According to both exorcists, depictions of demonic possession in horror films are largely accurate.

“It manifests itself in the form of screams, shouting, anger, rage — threats are common,” Posacki said.

“Manifestation in the form or levitation is less common, but does occur and we must speak about it — I’ve seen it with my own eyes,” he added.

With its 62-page first issue including articles titled “New Age — the spiritual vacuum cleaner” and “Satan is real”, the Egzorcysta monthly with a print-run of 15,000 by the Polwen publishers is selling for 10 zloty (2.34 euros, 3.10 dollars) per copy.