Do viruses make us smarter? 

Public Release: 12-Jan-2015 A new study from Lund University in Sweden indicates that inherited viruses that are millions of years old play an important role in building up the complex networks that characterise the human brain. Researchers have long been aware that endogenous retroviruses constitute around five per cent of our DNA. For many years,…

BPA may affect the developing brain by disrupting gene regulation

Contact: Rachel Harrison rachel.harrison@duke.edu 919-419-5069 Duke University Medical Center              IMAGE:   Exposure to BPA may disrupt development of the central nervous system by slowing down the removal of chloride from neurons. As an organism matures and the brain develops, chloride levels… Click here for more information.      DURHAM, N.C. — Environmental exposure to…

Brain-like chip outstrips normal computers

22 November 2012 by Michael Marshall Magazine issue 2892. COMPUTER chips that mimic the human brain are outstripping conventional chips in crucial ways. They could also revolutionise our understanding of how the brain functions.Attempts to simulate the brain usually involve programming software to behave like groups of neurons. A new “neuromorphic” design instead tries to…

First evidence that chitosan could repair spinal damage

2010 study posted for filing Contact: Kathryn Knight kathryn@biologists.com 44-078-763-44333 The Company of Biologists Chitosan offers hope for spinal injury patients This release is available in Chinese. Richard Borgens and his colleagues from the Center for Paralysis Research at the Purdue School of Veterinary Medicine have a strong record of inventing therapies for treating nerve…

Specific kind of vitamin E can prevent nerve cells from dying after a stroke, new research suggests

2010 study posted for filing Contact: Chandan Sen chandan.sen@osumc.edu 614-247-7786 Ohio State University   STUDY REVEALS HOW ONE FORM OF NATURAL VITAMIN E PROTECTS BRAIN AFTER STROKE COLUMBUS, Ohio – Blocking the function of an enzyme in the brain with a specific kind of vitamin E can prevent nerve cells from dying after a stroke,…

Long-term effects of statin therapy could lead to transient or permanent cognitive impairment

2009 study posted for filing Contact: Nick Zagorski nzagorski@asbmb.org 301-634-7366 American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Statins show dramatic drug and cell dependent effects in the brain Besides their tremendous value in treating high cholesterol and lowering the risk of heart disease, statins have also been reported to potentially lower the risks of other…

Active ingredients in marijuana found to spread and prolong pain : Transforms transient normal pain into persistent chronic pain

2009 study posted for filing Contact: Jim Kelly jpkelly@utmb.edu 409-772-8791 University of Texas Medical Branch at Galveston Research has implications for medical use of drug and concepts of chronic pain GALVESTON, Texas — Imagine that you’re working on your back porch, hammering in a nail. Suddenly you slip and hit your thumb instead — hard.…

Are downloadable memories just around the corner? ( Using light repsonse as a Binary Code model )

By Daily Mail Reporter PUBLISHED:18:49 EST, 26  October 2012| UPDATED:18:49 EST, 26 October 2012 A scientist at MIT could be on track to  uncovering how to restore lost memories in the brain. Using light stimulation to control neurons  and map out brain activity, scientists could repair neuron functionality in  cases where a stroke, Alzheimer’s and…

Stem Cells Not Needed for Cancer

Fully developed neurons can revert to stem cell-like states and give rise to brain tumors. By Ruth Williams |October 18, 2012 The prevailing view that stem cells are the principle originators of brain cancer may be incorrect, according to a report out today (October 18) in Science.The new study suggests that terminally differentiated brain cells,…

Reprogramming of Pericyte-Derived Cells of the Adult Human Brain into Induced Neuronal Cells

Reprogramming of somatic cells into neurons provides a new approach toward cell-based therapy of neurodegenerative diseases (Vierbuchen and Wernig, 2011). Previous studies have shown that postnatal astroglia from the mouse cerebral cortex can be directly converted into functional neuronal cells in vitro by forced expression of a single transcription factor (Heinrich et al., 2010, Heinrich…

Slices of brain tissue can store patterns of activity for short periods of time: scientists

By Mo Costandi, The Guardian Sunday, September 16, 2012 5:44 EDT Topics: activity patterns ♦ Case Western Reserve University in Cleveland ♦ Ohio It sounds like the plot of a science fiction film, or like something from a transhumanist fantasy: researchers from Case Western Reserve University in Cleveland, Ohio, report that they can induce memory-like…

Statins have unexpected effect on pool of powerful brain cells : Reduces Glial progenitor cells

Re-post 34th HRR 2008 Contact: Tom Rickey tom_rickey@urmc.rochester.edu 585-275-7954 University of Rochester Medical Center Cholesterol-lowering drugs known as statins have a profound effect on an elite group of cells important to brain health as we age, scientists at the University of Rochester Medical Center have found. The new findings shed light on a long-debated potential…

Neuroengineers silence brain cells with multiple colors of light

For Immediate Release:January 6, 2010 * Reposted for Filing contact: Jen Hirsch, MIT News Office email: newsoffice@mit.edu phone: 617-253-2700 New tools show potential for treating brain disorders CAMBRIDGE, Mass. — Neuroscientists at MIT have developed a powerful new class of tools to reversibly shut down brain activity using different colors of light. When targeted to…