EEV: Update: Professor Claims his was misunderstood, and is not looking for a Neanderthal Mother:
By Allan Hall
PUBLISHED: 10:36 EST, 20 January 2013 | UPDATED: 12:49 EST, 20 January 2013
Back to life: This model of Neanderthal Man shows what the extinct species may have once looked like
A leading geneticist is on the hunt for an ‘adventurous woman’ to help turn back the hands of time – and give birth to a Neanderthal baby.
George Church, a genetics professor at Harvard Medical School, believes he can bring back the extinct ancestor of modern man after more than 33,000 years.
Contrary to popular belief, Neanderthals were in fact a highly intelligent race and Prof Church believes they could be recreated through modern medicine.
He told German magazine, Der Spiegel: ‘I have already managed to attract enough DNA from fossil bones to reconstruct the DNA of the human species largely extinct. Now I need an adventurous female human.
‘It depends on a lot of things, but I think it can be done. The reason I would consider it a possibility is that a bunch of technologies are developing faster than ever before.
‘In particular, reading and writing DNA is now about a million times faster than seven or eight years ago.
‘Another technology that the de-extinction of a Neanderthal would require is human cloning.
‘We can clone all kinds of mammals, so it’s very likely that we could clone a human. Why shouldn’t we be able to do so?”
Prof Church, 58, is a pioneer in synthetic biology, which aims is to create synthetic DNA and organisms in the laboratory.
During the 1980s, he helped initiate the Human Genome Project that created a map of the human genome.
Cloning the caveman: Geneticist Professor George Church
He admits his project may have shades of Frankenstein about it, but he believes recreating Neanderthals would benefit mankind.
Prof Church added: ‘Neanderthals might think differently than we do. We know that they had a larger cranial size. They could even be more intelligent than us.
‘When the time comes to deal with an epidemic or getting off the planet or whatever, it’s conceivable that their way of thinking could be beneficial.
‘They could maybe even create a new neo-Neanderthal culture and become a political force. The main goal is to increase diversity. The one thing that is bad for society is low diversity.
‘This is true for culture or evolution, for species and also for whole societies. If you become a monoculture, you are at great risk of perishing.
‘Therefore the recreation of Neanderthals would be mainly a question of societal risk avoidance.’
The geneticist also explains how the process could theoretically be carried out.
‘The first thing you have to do is to sequence the Neanderthal genome, and that has actually been done.
‘The next step would be to chop this genome up into, say, 10,000 chunks and then synthesize these. Finally, you would introduce these chunks into a human stem cell.
Big ideas: Contrary to belief, Neanderthals had a larger brain size and may have been more intelligent than humans
‘If we do that often enough, then we would generate a stem cell line that would get closer and closer to the corresponding sequence of the Neanderthal.
‘We developed the semi-automated procedure required to do that in my lab.
‘Finally, we assemble all the chunks in a human stem cell, which would enable you to finally create a Neanderthal clone.’
Bringing the past alive: A scene from the film Jurassic Park, which suggested dinosaurs could be recreated through DNA trapped in amber
The missing puzzle in his plan is a surrogate mother for the project, who would be a human female.
According to experts, Prof Church’s plan is technically possible.
Many of his suggestions formed the central plot-line of the 1993 Steven Spielberg film Jurassic Park, in which dinosaur DNA that had been embedded in chunks of amber was extracted to recreate the monsters that once dominated Earth.
Neanderthals are named after the site in the Neander Valley, Germany, where archaeologists first discovered the species in 1856 – three years before Charles Darwin published his On The Origin Of Species.
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