Probiotic therapy alleviates autism-like behaviors in mice

Contact: Deborah Williams-Hedges mr@caltech.edu 626-395-3227 California Institute of Technology Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is diagnosed when individuals exhibit characteristic behaviors that include repetitive actions, decreased social interactions, and impaired communication. Curiously, many individuals with ASD also suffer from gastrointestinal (GI) issues, such as abdominal cramps and constipation. Using the co-occurrence of brain and gut problems…

Elevated Gluten Antibodies Found in Children with Autism

But No Link  to Celiac Disease June 20, 2013 Posted in: Autoimmune diseases, Clinical Research, Gastroenterology, Nutrition, Pediatrics NEW YORK—Researchers have found elevated antibodies to gluten proteins of wheat in children with autism in comparison to those without autism. The results also indicated an association between the elevated antibodies and the presence of gastrointestinal symptoms…

Infections increase risk of mood disorders

Contact: Michael Eriksen Benrós benros@ncrr.dk 45-26-25-52-39 Aarhus University New research shows that every third person who is diagnosed for the first time with a mood disorder has been admitted to hospital with an infection prior to the diagnosis New research shows that every third person who is diagnosed for the first time with a mood…

Brain scans might predict future criminal behavior

Contact: Kent Kiehl kkiehl@mrn.org 505-925-4516 Duke University Low anterior cingulate activity linked to repeat offenses ALBUQUERQUE, NM and DURHAM, NC–A new study conducted by The Mind Research Network in Albuquerque, N.M., shows that neuroimaging data can predict the likelihood of whether a criminal will reoffend following release from prison. The paper, which is to be…

Folate and vitamin B12 reduce disabling schizophrenia symptoms in some patients

Contact: Kristen Stanton kstanton3@partners.org 617-643-3907 Massachusetts General Hospital Adding supplements to antipsychotic medication alleviated negative symptoms in patients with specific gene variants Adding the dietary supplements folate and vitamin B12 to treatment with antipsychotic medication improved a core symptom component of schizophrenia in a study of more than 100 patients. The study focused on negative…

ADHD symptoms persist for most young children despite treatment

Contact: Ekaterina Pesheva epeshv1@jhmi.edu 410-502-9433 Johns Hopkins Medicine Nine out of 10 young children with moderate to severe attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) continue to experience serious, often severe symptoms and impairment long after their original diagnoses and, in many cases, despite treatment, according to a federally funded multi-center study led by investigators at Johns Hopkins…

Choline supplementation during pregnancy presents a new approach to schizophrenia prevention

Contact: Jackie Brinkman jackie.brinkman@ucdenver.edu 303-724-1525 University of Colorado Denver University of Colorado researchers study choline in infants AURORA, Colo.  (Jan. 15, 2013) — Choline, an essential nutrient similar to the B vitamin and found in foods such as liver, muscle meats, fish, nuts and eggs, when given as a dietary supplement in the last two…

4 common antipsychotic drugs found to lack safety and effectiveness in older adults: aripiprazole (Abilify), olanzapine (Zyprexa), quetiapine (Seroquel), and risperidone (Risperdal)

Contact: Debra Kain ddkain@ucsd.edu 619-543-6163 University of California – San Diego In older adults, antipsychotic drugs are commonly prescribed off-label for a number of disorders outside of their Food and Drug Administration (FDA)-approved indications – schizophrenia and bipolar disorder. The largest number of antipsychotic prescriptions in older adults is for behavioral disturbances associated with dementia,…

People with depression often excluded from clinical studies of antidepressants?

2009 report posted for filing Contact: Clare Collins CollCX@upmc.edu 412-647-3555 University of Pittsburgh Schools of the Health Sciences Are we cherry picking participants for studies of antidepressants? People with depression often excluded from clinical studies and tend not to fare as well as study participants PITTSBURGH, April 28 – Findings from clinical studies used to…

Popular HIV drug commonly prescribed anti-retroviral drug efavirenz attacks brain cells

Contact: Stephanie Desmon sdesmon1@jhmi.edu 410-955-8665 Johns Hopkins Medicine Popular HIV drug may cause memory declines Johns Hopkins study suggests the commonly prescribed anti-retroviral drug efavirenz attacks brain cells The way the body metabolizes a commonly prescribed anti-retroviral drug that is used long term by patients infected with HIV may contribute to cognitive impairment by damaging…