The fake bomb detector that can also spot drugs, bank notes and truffles? The ADE-651 is the symbol of a dysfunctional state


Patrick Cockburn

Monday, 4 March 2013

If one object had to serve as a symbol Iraqi corruption and dysfunctionality, it might be the ADE-651 bomb detector.

Exposed as a fake long ago, it is still employed by the Iraqi security forces to check for explosives and weapons, and goes a long way to explaining how suicide bombers regularly pass through checkpoints undetected. The ADE-651 is a small hand-held plastic device with a silver-coloured wand that is supposed to twitch in the presence of arms and explosives, much like a divining rod. Its promotional material says it can also detect drugs, truffles, ivory and bank notes at distances of up to 1km and operates through walls and under water. It has no power source, but is supposedly charged by static electricity from the body of the operator. The only piece of technology in the ADE-651 is a tag, worth two or three pence, normally attached to items in shops to prevent theft.

The uselessness of this item was apparent from the beginning. Nevertheless, in 2008 the Iraqi Interior Ministry bought 800 of them for £20m and the following year a further 700 for £32m; Iraq was paying up to £60,000 for each unit made from materials worth £50 at most.

In Britain last year James McCormick, a former police officer from Liverpool and director of the security company ATSC which sold the devices, was charged with six counts of fraud. The device continues to be used across Iraq.

Why was the ADE-651 ordered in the first place, why were such enormous prices paid for it and why did it receive official endorsement for so long? Iraqis assume the reason is corruption rampant at all levels in state procurement.

Police officials confirm privately that they know the bomb detector doesn’t work. Police Captain Hussein Ali told me three years ago that “time and again we have found it is useless”. Why then go on using it? One suggestion is that many in the Iraqi security forces believe it is safer to pretend confidence in a fake bomb detector so they do not have to search a dangerous looking vehicle with possibly terminal results for themselves.

Study reveals 2/3 of prostate cancer patients do not need treatment

2009 study posted for filing

Contact: Samantha Martin
University of Liverpool

In the largest study of its kind, the international team of pathologists studied an initial 4,000 prostate cancer patients over a period of 15 years to further understanding into the natural progression of the disease and how it should be managed. The research, published in the British Journal of Cancer, could be used to develop a blood test to distinguish between aggressive and non-aggressive forms of prostate cancer.

Globally, prostate cancer is the fifth most common malignancy and accounts for 13% of male deaths in the UK. Studies have shown that men with non-aggressive prostate cancer can live with the disease untreated for many years, but aggressive cancer requires immediate treatment.

Pathologists found that the presence of a protein, called Hsp-27, in cancer cells was an indicator that the disease will progress and require treatment. The study showed, however, that in more than 60% of cases the protein was not expressed and the cancer could be managed by careful monitoring, rather than with active invention methods, such as drug treatment or surgery.

The protein normally has a positive function in the body, helping healthy cells survive when they are placed under ‘stressful’ conditions, such as disease or injury. If the protein is expressed in cancer, however, it can prevent the diseased cells from dying, allowing the cancer to progress. The team, supported by Cancer Research UK (CRUK) and in collaboration with scientists in London and New York, found that the protein can be used to predict how the disease will behave and could help doctors advise patients on how the disease could affect their daily lives.

Professor Chris Foster, Head of the University’s Division of Pathology, explains: “Cancer of any kind is a very distressing disease and has the ability to impact on every aspect of a person’s life. Chemotherapy and surgery can also have a significant effect on health and wellbeing and that is why it is important that we first understand the biological nature of the disease and how it will behave in each individual patient, before determining if and when a person needs a particular type of treatment.

“By studying the disease in a large number of men throughout the UK and over a long period of time, we have been able to get a more complete picture of how to manage the disease successfully, whilst limiting the negative impact it can have on a patient’s life. The study also demonstrates the role of modern of Pathology, not only in establishing diagnoses but in determining if the subsequent management of individual patients is biologically appropriate for their particular condition.

“The protein – or biomarker – we have identified provides us with a signal that the disease will continue to progress. We know that at the point this marker is expressed, medics need to administer treatment to kill the cancer cells. We have shown that in the majority of cases, however, this marker is not expressed and therefore patients do not necessarily need to go through treatment to lead a normal life.”




Notes to editors:

1. Patients looking for more information about the new test should discuss the procedure with a Consultant Urologist. Currently, the test can be performed after the patient has undergone a biopsy. Scientists are now working to allow the test to be conducted by blood test.

2. Pathology research at Liverpool is internationally renowned. The division provides services in diagnostic pathology to the Royal Liverpool and Broadgreen University Hospitals Trust as well as offering services in specialised fields of pathology to several other hospitals in the North of England.

3. Cancer Research UK is the world’s leading independent organisation dedicated to cancer research. The organisation supports research into all aspects of cancer through the work of more than 4,500 scientists, doctors and nurses.

4. The BJC is owned by Cancer Research UK. Its mission is to encourage communication of the very best cancer research from laboratories and clinics in all countries. Broad coverage, its editorial independence and consistent high standards have made BJC one of the world’s premier general cancer journals.

5. The University of Liverpool is a member of the Russell Group of leading research-intensive institutions in the UK. It attracts collaborative and contract research commissions from a wide range of national and international organisations valued at more than £93 million annually.