Far-UVC light safely kills ( or inactivate ) airborne coronaviruses

Far-UVC light safely kills ( or inactivate ) airborne coronaviruses

The researchers found that more than 99.9% of the exposed virus had been killed by a very low exposure to far-UVC light.

Based on their results, the researchers estimate that continuous exposure to far-UVC light at the current regulatory limit would kill 90% of airborne viruses in about 8 minutes, 95% in about 11 minutes, 99% in about 16 minutes, and 99.9% in about 25 minutes.

Manuela Buonanno, David Welch, Igor Shuryak, David J. Brenner. Far-UVC light (222 nm) efficiently and safely inactivates airborne human coronaviruses. Scientific Reports, 2020; 10 (1) DOI: 10.1038/s41598-020-67211-2

#uvc222 #faruvc #virus

https://www.nature.com/articles/s41598-020-67211-2

uvc 222, safe uvc, uvc 254, virus, coronavirus, inactivation, disinfect, public, commercial use, biophysics, emerging, light, 222 wavelength, 254 wavelength, seasonal, airborne, aerosol, indoor, transportation, regulatory, very low exposure

Indoor lighting Drastically Inhibits Learning and Memory

Indoor lighting Drastically Inhibits Learning and Memory

 

The hippocampus lost about 30 percent of capacity in low light in just 4 weeks as well as a steep decline in brain derived neurotrophic factor (Animal Model)

* Grass rats were housed in either a 12: 12 h bright light–dark (brLD, 1,000 lux) or dim light-dark (dimLD, 50 lux) cycle.

Light modulates hippocampal function and spatial learning in a diurnal rodent species: A study using male nile grass rat (Arvicanthis niloticus)DOI: 10.1002/hipo.22822

Do ‘environmentally friendly’ LED lights cause BLINDNESS?

  • Spanish research has shown that blue LED  light can irreparably damage the cells in the eye’s retina
  • This is not the first time energy-saving  bulbs have been criticised – fluorescent bulbs emit dangerous UV  light

By  Rachel Reilly

PUBLISHED: 08:13 EST, 14 May  2013 |  UPDATED: 16:01  EST, 14 May 2013

 

Eco-friendly LED lights may damage your eyes,  according to new research.

A study has discovered that exposure to LED  lights can cause irreparable harm to the retina of the human eye.

LED lights have been touted as a  super-efficient alternative to traditional bulbs because they use up to 85 per  cent less energy and each bulb can last up to 10 years.

In April, Philips, the world’s biggest  lighting maker, reported a 38 per cent jump in LED light sales from last  year.

A Spanish study has shown that the light emitted by LED bulbs can damage the cells in the retina. Some experts are now calling for a filter to be fitted in the bulbs (file picture) 

A Spanish study has shown that the light emitted by LED  bulbs can damage the cells in the retina. Some experts are now calling for a  filter to be fitted in the bulbs (file picture)

They are already widely used in mobile  phones, televisions, computer screens and can also be fitted as a replacement  for traditional lighting in the home.

LEDs are much more expensive that traditional  bulbs – costing around £25 for an equivalent 100w compared to around £1 for an  incandescent bulb – although manufacturers claim that consumers make their money  back because the use such little energy.

 

The government announced it was phasing out  incandescent bulbs in 2007 after an EU directive banned their use. The 100w bulb  was the first to go in 2009 and lower wattage bulbs continue to be phased out  gradually.

The ban caused public outrage as customers  were forced to spend large sums of money on lighting that not only gave an  unpleasantly ‘cold’ light but also caused some people to report symptoms of  itchy skin and headaches.

The government’s Enhanced Capital Allowance  Scheme, which was brought in to help cut UK carbon emissions, is also pushing  the use of LED lighting by offering businesses added tax relief if they use LED  and other low-energy bulbs.

Dr. Celia Sánchez-Ramos, of Complutense University in Madrid and who led the  study, explained that light from LEDs,  or light-emitting diodes, comes from the short-wave, high-energy blue and violet  end of the visible light spectrum.

Incandescent bulbCFL bulb

Incandescent bulbs (left) are being phased out in favour  of low-energy alternatives such as CFLs (right), but there are concerns about  the safety of the new generation of so-called ‘environmentally friendly’  lighting

 

She said that prolonged, continuous exposure  to this light may be enough to damage a person’s retina.

The retina is composed of light-sensitive  tissue that is responsible for detecting light and in turn allowing us to  see.

‘This problem is going to get worse, because  humans are living longer  and children are using electronic devices from a  young age, particularly for schoolwork,’ Sánchez-Ramos told ThinkSpain.com.

Enterprising: Lighting shop owner Kerry Nicholau, from Twickenham, stockpiled 3000 incandescent bulbs after 75 watt bulbs were phased out in 2011 

Enterprising: Lighting shop owner Kerry Nicholau, from  Twickenham, stockpiled 3000 incandescent bulbs after 75 watt bulbs were  phased  out in 2011

 

‘Eyes are not designed to look directly at  light — they are designed to see with light,’ Sánchez-Ramos said.

Her comments are partly  based on her 2012 study that was  published in the journal Photochemistry and Photobiology.

The study found that LED radiation caused  significant damage to human retinal pigment epithelial cells in  vitro.

Sánchez-Ramos added  that modern humans  have their eyes open for roughly 6,000 hours a year, and are  exposed to  artificial light for the majority of that time.

Some experts have called for the LED lights  to have built-in filters to cut out the blue glare.

This is not the first time energy-saving  lights have come under scrutiny for safety reasons. Compact fluorescent  light  bulbs, or CFLs, have been criticized for the high levels of mercury they contain  as well as the UV radiation they can emit.

LED lights have also been blamed for the  changing hues of masterpieces in art galleries.

A study carried out by the University of  Antwerp earlier this year found that LED lights were bleaching the paint on  works by Van Gogh and Cézanne.

Read more: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/health/article-2324325/Do-environmentally-friendly-LED-lights-cause-BLINDNESS.html#ixzz2TKf4g2xR Follow us: @MailOnline on Twitter | DailyMail on Facebook

Researchers create laser the size of a virus particle

Contact: Megan Fellman fellman@northwestern.edu 847-491-3115 Northwestern University

Miniature laser operates at room temperature and defies the diffraction limit of light

A Northwestern University research team has found a way to manufacture single laser devices that are the size of a virus particle and that operate at room temperature. These plasmonic nanolasers could be readily integrated into silicon-based photonic devices, all-optical circuits and nanoscale biosensors.

Reducing the size of photonic and electronic elements is critical for ultra-fast data processing and ultra-dense information storage. The miniaturization of a key, workhorse instrument — the laser — is no exception.

The results are published in the journal Nano Letters.

“Coherent light sources at the nanometer scale are important not only for exploring phenomena in small dimensions but also for realizing optical devices with sizes that can beat the diffraction limit of light,” said Teri Odom, a nanotechnology expert who led the research.

Odom is the Board of Lady Managers of the Columbian Exposition Professor of Chemistry in the Weinberg College of Arts and Sciences and a professor of materials science and engineering in the McCormick School of Engineering and Applied Science.

“The reason we can fabricate nano-lasers with sizes smaller than that allowed by diffraction is because we made the lasing cavity out of metal nanoparticle dimers — structures with a 3-D ‘bowtie’ shape,” Odom said.

These metal nanostructures support localized surface plasmons — collective oscillations of electrons — that have no fundamental size limits when it comes to confining light.

The use of the bowtie geometry has two significant benefits over previous work on plasmon lasers: (1) the bowtie structure provides a well-defined, electromagnetic hot spot in a nano-sized volume because of an antenna effect, and (2) the individual structure has only minimal metal “losses” because of its discrete geometry.

“Surprisingly, we also found that when arranged in an array, the 3-D bowtie resonators could emit light at specific angles according to the lattice parameters,” Odom said.

###

The Nano Letters paper, titled “Plasmonic Bowtie Nanolaser Arrays,” is available at http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/nl303086r.

Blue light used to harden tooth fillings stunts tumor growth

Re-Post 2008
Contact: Amy Connell
aconnell@mcg.edu
706-721-8605
Georgia Health Sciences University

IMAGE:Alpesh Patel, a rising MCG School of Dentistry junior, studies the effects of a blue curing light on tumors.

Click here for more information. 

A blue curing light used to harden dental fillings also may stunt tumor growth, Medical College of Georgia researchers say.

“The light sends wavelengths of blue-violet light to the composite, which triggers hardening,” says Alpesh Patel, a rising MCG School of Dentistry junior. “The light waves produce free radicals that activate the catalyst and speed up polymerization of the composite resin. In oral cancer cells, though, those radicals cause damage that decreases cell growth and increases cell death.”

Mr. Patel, who has been working with Dr. Jill Lewis, associate professor of oral biology, Dr. Regina Messer, associate professor of oral rehabilitation and oral biology, and Dr. John Wataha, adjunct professor of oral rehabilitation and oral biology, studied 10 tumor-bearing mice, five treated with the light and five untreated.

He exposed half the mice to the blue light for 90 seconds a day for 12 days. Then the tumors were extracted and each one was split into two sections. Half were used to create slides for tissue analysis, and half were frozen to prepare protein extracts.

Tissue analysis indicated an approximate 10 percent increase in cell suicide, or apoptosis, in the light-treated tumors. The frozen protein extracts revealed a nearly 80 percent decrease in cell growth in the light-treated tumors.

“The decrease in cell growth, combined with increased apoptosis, helps explain why the tumors didn’t grow as much because you have cells that aren’t dividing and you have cells that are committing suicide,” Mr. Patel says.

Dr. Lewis predicts treating the tumors with blue light sooner will increase the rate of apoptosis, possibly preventing the tumor from ever becoming measurable and easing treatment.

“One desirable feature we’ve observed with the blue light is that non-cancerous cells appear unaffected at light doses that kill tumor cells,” says Dr. Lewis. “We’re thinking that some day, blue light therapy may serve as an adjunct to conventional cancer therapy. Patients may, therefore, receive lower doses of chemotherapy, which would decrease the adverse effects most cancer patients experience from standard chemotherapy regimens.”

 

###

 

Mr. Patel presented his findings at the 2008 American Association for Dental Research Student Research Group DENTSPLY/Caulk competition, winning third place in the basic science category. He and rising junior MCG School of Dentistry student Beth Rainwater were two of only seven students nationwide to be selected for the competition