U.S. Welfare Spending Up — But Help for the Neediest Down

Although the United States is spending more on welfare than ever before, most of that money is going to better-off families rather than the very poorest. Robert A. Moffitt, the Krieger-Eisenhower professor of economics at Johns Hopkins University, found that the U.S. has gotten more generous over time in supporting low-income families, spending 74 percent…

N.Korea ‘making progress’ on ballistic missile that could strike US

05 Nov  2013 Seoul (AFP) North Korea is making progress on an intercontinental ballistic missile capable of delivering a first-generation nuclear warhead to the continental United States, a leading US think-tank said Tuesday. The closely followed 38 North website of the Johns Hopkins University’s US-Korea Institute argued that ICBM mock-ups seen at recent military parades in…

Infections increase risk of mood disorders

Contact: Michael Eriksen Benrós benros@ncrr.dk 45-26-25-52-39 Aarhus University New research shows that every third person who is diagnosed for the first time with a mood disorder has been admitted to hospital with an infection prior to the diagnosis New research shows that every third person who is diagnosed for the first time with a mood…

Estrogen fuels autoimmune liver damage

Contact: Ekaterina Peshva epeshev1@jhmi.edu 410-502-9433 Johns Hopkins Medicine Johns Hopkins research in mice unravels mystery behind sex disparities in drug-induced hepatitis A life-threatening condition that often requires transplantation and accounts for half of all acute liver failures, autoimmune hepatitis is often precipitated by certain anesthetics and antibiotics. Researchers say these drugs contain tiny molecules called…

Over-diagnosis and over-treatment of depression is common in the US

Contact: Natalie Wood-Wright nwoodwri@jhsph.edu 410-614-6029 Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health Americans are over-diagnosed and over-treated for depression, according to a new study conducted at the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health. The study examines adults with clinician-identified depression and individuals who experienced major depressive episodes within a 12-month period. It found…

High-fat ketogenic diet effectively treats persistent childhood seizures

2010 study posted for filing Contact: Ekaterina Pesheva epeshev1@jhmi.edu 410-516-4996 Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions The high-fat ketogenic diet can dramatically reduce or completely eliminate debilitating seizures in most children with infantile spasms, whose seizures persist despite medication, according to a Johns Hopkins Children’s Center study published online April 30 in the journal Epilepsia. Infantile spasms,…

Mortality Rates Reduced among Children Whose Mothers Received Iron-folic Acid Supplements ( 31 percent reduction )

2009 study posted for filing Offspring whose mothers had been supplemented with iron-folic acid during pregnancy had dramatically reduced mortality through age 7, according to researchers at the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health. Researchers found that other supplement combinations, including the multiple micronutrient supplement, did not confer the same benefit. Nearly 40 percent…

Hopkins Children’s study: Folic acid may help treat allergies, asthma

2009 study posted for filing Contact: Ekaterina Pesheva epeshev1@jhmi.edu 410-516-4996 Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions Folic acid, or vitamin B9, essential for red blood cell health and long known to reduce the risk of spinal birth defects, may also suppress allergic reactions and lessen the severity of allergy and asthma symptoms, according to new research from…

Mandatory HPV vaccination is unwarranted and unwise

2008 study posted for filing Contact: Amy Molnar journalnews@bos.blackwellpublishing.net 201-748-8844 Wiley-Blackwell Article explores how mandate does not represent public health necessity Washington, D.C. – November 12, 2008 – The HPV vaccine, sold as Gardasil in the U.S., is intended to prevent four strains of the human papillomavirus, the most common sexually transmitted infection in the…

Mouse studies suggest daily dose of ginkgo may prevent brain cell damage after a stroke

2008 study posted for filing Contact: Eric Vohr evohr1@jhmi.edu 410-955-8665 Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions Working with genetically engineered mice, researchers at Johns Hopkins have shown that daily doses of a standardized extract from the leaves of the ginkgo tree can prevent or reduce brain damage after an induced stroke. The scientists, in a report published…

Incense is psychoactive: Scientists identify the biology behind the ceremony: burning Bosweilla alleviates anxiety and depression

Contact: Cody Mooneyhan cmooneyhan@faseb.org 301-634-7104 Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology New study in the FASEB Journal shows how and why molecules released from burning incense in religious ceremonies alleviate anxiety and depression Religious leaders have contended for millennia that burning incense is good for the soul. Now, biologists have learned that it is…